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Chitosan-Based Biocomposite Scaffolds and Hydrogels for Bone Tissue Regeneration

  • Saravanan Sekaran Email author
  • Vimalraj Selvaraj 
  • Ganesh Lakshmanan
  • Ajita Jindal
  • Dhakshinamoorthy Sundaramurthi
  • Jaydeep Bhattacharya
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering book series (SSBSE, volume 14)

Abstract

Natural biomaterials derived from marine sources are gaining attention in the field of bone tissue engineering owing to their biodegradability, biocompatibility, bioactivity, and structural similarity with the natural bone extracellular matrix. They recapitulate bone microenvironment and components of natural bone tissue which augments treating critical-sized bone defects. Negating the necessity of revision surgeries due to its biodegradable nature, marine biomaterials based biocomposite scaffolds provides various advantages over the conventional routes of employing metallic implants for bone tissue repair and regeneration. Marine biota provides renewable resources for isolation of biopolymers such as chitosan, alginate, collagen, fucoidan and hydroxyapatite bioceramics that are widely explored for its biomimetic properties in bone tissue engineering. In this chapter, we explore the role of composites fabricated using biomaterials isolated from the marine source, especially chitosan for bone tissue regeneration.

Keywords

Chitosan Marine biomaterial Biocomposites Osteoblasts Bone tissue engineering 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge Department of Science and Technology, Inspire Faculty Program, Government of India for the research grant to S. Vimalraj (grant no. DST/INSPIRE/04/2017/002913).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saravanan Sekaran 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vimalraj Selvaraj 
    • 2
  • Ganesh Lakshmanan
    • 3
  • Ajita Jindal
    • 4
  • Dhakshinamoorthy Sundaramurthi
    • 1
  • Jaydeep Bhattacharya
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Chemical and BiotechnologyCentre for Nanotechnology & Advanced Biomaterials (CeNTAB), School of Chemical and Biotechnology, SASTRA UniversityThanjavurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology & AU-KBC Research CentreMadras Institute of Technology (MIT), Anna UniversityChrompet, ChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of AnatomySaveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha Dental CollegeChennaiIndia
  4. 4.School of Biotechnology, Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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