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Pseudomonas Species: Natural Scavenger of Aromatic Compounds from Industrial Effluents

  • Priyaragini
  • Rakesh KumarEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 17)

Abstract

An ever-increasing human demand has led to rapid industrialization, and almost all industrial effluents contain hazardous aromatic compounds, viz., dyes, azo dyes, phenolic dyes, other phenolic compounds, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, etc. There are a number of chemical and physical techniques to minimize the contents of harmful compounds discharged into the environment. However, their non-economical nature and production of secondary contaminants during the process has led to the demand for greener alternatives. Microbial degradation has been a great area of research for years. Out of numerous microbes, Pseudomonas species like P. putida, P. aeruginosa, and P. fluorescens are supposed to be the most reported one, for the degradation of aromatic compounds. Also metagenomics, an emerging molecular technique, can play an imperative role in biodegradation processes. Since, industrial effluents are a combination of compounds which in turn requires a consortium of microbes for their utilization. Metagenomic techniques can remodel any bacterial strain by combining the desired genes for the degradation of various classes of aromatic compounds from respective strains of Pseudomonas. This approach will modify the original genetic makeup of the bacterial strain which ultimately improves the microbial degradation method. In this book chapter, we are discussing a new paradigm in biodegradation involving metagenomics using Pseudomonas species.

Keywords

Industrial effluents Pseudomonas Biodegradation Metagenomics Aromatic compound 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyCentral University of South BiharGayaIndia

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