Biotechnological Applications of Lipases in Flavour and Fragrance Ester Production

  • Madan L. Verma
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 17)


Lipases are of widespread occurrence throughout the Earth’s flora and fauna. However, microbial flora comprising bacteria, fungi and yeast has drawn more attention in biotechnological applications. Lipases (EC include the hydrolase family of enzymes that possess the unique feature of acting as an interface between the aqueous and non-aqueous phases, and this feature distinguishes them from esterase. Owing to the most versatile biocatalyst, they bring about a range of bioconversion reactions such as hydrolysis, interesterification, esterification, alcoholysis, acidolysis and aminolysis.

Lipase is drawing attention due to its potential applications for flavour and fragrance ester synthesis. Flavour and fragrance ester synthesis by biotechnological processes plays nowadays an increasing role in the food- and pharmaceutical-based industries. This is the result, amongst other things, of scientific advances in biological processes, making use of microorganisms or enzymes as an alternative to chemical synthesis, combined with recent developments in analytical techniques. In this chapter, a comprehensive and illustrious survey is made of the applied aspects of microbial lipases in flavour and fragrance ester synthesis.


Microorganism Lipase Applications Fragrance esters Food industry 



The author wishes to thank the director of the Centre for Chemistry and Biotechnology, Deakin University, Australia, for the kind support to pursue this research work. The financial support from the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, in the form of predoctoral fellowship to pursue this study is also thankfully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madan L. Verma
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Chemistry and BiotechnologyDeakin UniversityGeelongAustralia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyDr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestryHamirpurIndia

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