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Legumes for Sustainable Soil and Crop Management

  • Kavita Rani
  • Pankaj Sharma
  • Sandeep Kumar
  • Leela Wati
  • Rakesh KumarEmail author
  • Dhara Singh Gurjar
  • Dileep Kumar
  • Rakesh Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

The climatic variations and swiftly increasing the world’s population are crucial drivers of universal famines and lead to the stern food insecurity. These factors affect all the magnitudes of food collateral, such as food accessibility, consumption, reliability, and constancy, and also strengthen additional calamities allied with health concerns of plants, animals, and environment. Although applications of agrochemicals to the soil largely contributed to increased food production, extensive use of these leads to the nutrient disparity and environmental hazards resulting in considerable economic losses. Consequently, it is utmost important to manage the application of agrochemicals with the aim of increased food production in environmental as well as economical unthreatened manner. Legumes have a great potential to enhance crop diversity as well as productivity and to reduce dependence on exterior inputs as legumes are well known for their illustrious capabilities such as nitrogen (N) fixation by biological means, increase in soil organic matter (SOM), efficient roles in nutrient and water retention, and improvement in soil properties which contribute to recover soil health. These manifold abilities of legumes make them potential candidates for management of agriculture in a sustainable way. The upshots of sustainable agriculture can be optimistic for higher food production and to ensure future food availability in an eco-friendly manner by reducing the usage of agrochemicals and maintaining the nutrient balances in the soil.

Keywords

Biocontrol Chemical fertilizers Green manure Legumes Nitrogen fixation Soil health Sustainability 

Abbreviations

(BCAs)

Biological control agents

AM

Arbuscular mycorrhiza

BNF

Biological nitrogen fixation

CO2

Carbon dioxide

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FGLTs

Fast-growing legume trees

IPMPs

Integrated pest management practices

N

Nitrogen

NO2

Nitrogen dioxide

NO3

Nitrate

NUE

Nitrogen use efficiency

OF

Organic farming

P

Phosphorous

SOC

Soil organic carbon

SOM

Soil organic matter

US

United States

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kavita Rani
    • 1
  • Pankaj Sharma
    • 1
  • Sandeep Kumar
    • 2
  • Leela Wati
    • 1
  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dhara Singh Gurjar
    • 3
  • Dileep Kumar
    • 4
  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyIndian Council of Agricultural ResearchNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Water Technology CentreICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Micronutrient Research ProjectAnand Agricultural UniversityAnandIndia
  5. 5.Division of Crop ResearchICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region PatnaPatnaIndia

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