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Soil Erosion and Management Strategies

  • Shakeel Ahmad Bhat
  • Mehraj U. Din Dar
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
Chapter

Abstract

Rising population and decreasing cultivable land pose a great challenge to modern agriculture. The agricultural production has to be balanced with the ever-increasing population to meet the demands of food supply. These changes have led to intensification of agriculture resulting into conversion of natural vegetation areas to agricultural land. This continued overexploitation of land resources in combination with climatic factors results in removal of the top fertile layer of soil. On the global scale, the period of the earliest significant change in land use corresponds to a first wave of the soil erosion. The areas with human intervention have high rate of soil erosion of 2.92 tha−1 year−1. In order to strike a balance between agricultural output and conservation, soil erosion control becomes very essential component. The control and prevention of soil erosion necessitate the development of an integral soil erosion control system with the incorporating methods based on the engineering, agricultural cultivation technology, law enforcement, biological methods, land planning, and management. Soil conservation structures along with advanced soil loss models would be prerequisite toward land management. This chapter addresses the dynamics of erosion and agricultural sustainability through different soil management strategies, which poses challenges similar to those of quantification of future changes in climate or agricultural systems. The chapter is focused on the analyzing and quantifying the effects of changes in land use and management of the eroded soils in the agriculture.

Keywords

Agronomic soil management Engineering soil management Soil erosion Water erosion Wind erosion 

Abbreviations

C

Carbon

cc, cm3

Cubic centimeter

EI

Rainfall erosivity

FYP

Five-year plan

lps

Liter per second

MUSLE

Modified Universal Soil Loss

RUSLE

Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation

SOM

Soil organic matter

T

Ton

USLE

Universal Soil Loss Equation

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shakeel Ahmad Bhat
    • 1
  • Mehraj U. Din Dar
    • 2
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, SKUAST KSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Soil and Water EngineeringPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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