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Soil Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture

  • M. H. Rashid
  • M. Kamruzzaman
  • A. N. A. Haque
  • M. Krehenbrink
Chapter

Abstract

Soils are habitats for major forms of life such as microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, archaea, fungi) as well as insects, annelids, algae, and plants. Microorganisms have potential roles to play in sustainable agricultural production due to their ability to promote plant growth and enhance biotic and abiotic stress resistance, remediate contaminated soils, recycle nutrients, manage soil fertility, and weather and mineralize rocks and other abilities that result in the reduced use of fertilizers or pesticides in agriculture. Recently introduced biotechnological approaches help to modify microbes that can be used to enhance bioremediation and phytoremediation of contaminated soil that can be used for agricultural production. Sustainable agriculture is essential today to meet our long-term agricultural needs by using natural resources without degrading the environment. Here, we discuss the structure and diversity of soil microorganisms and their potential role in nutrient recycling, remediation of heavy metal from contaminated environments, plant growth promotion, stress tolerance, phytohormone production, etc. for sustainable agriculture to feed future generations.

Keywords

Heavy metal contamination Nutrient recycling Plant growth Soil microbes 

Abbreviations

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

RNA

Ribonucleic acid

DPANN

Diapherotrites, Parvarchaeota, Aenigmarchaeota, Nanoarchaeota, Nanohaloarchaea

EM

Ectomycorrhiza

BNF

Biological nitrogen fixation

PSOs

Phosphorus-solubilizing organisms

PGPB

Plant growth-promoting bacteria

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

PIN

PIN-FORMED protein

GA3

Gibberellins

EPS

Exopolysaccharide

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Rashid
    • 1
  • M. Kamruzzaman
    • 2
  • A. N. A. Haque
    • 3
  • M. Krehenbrink
    • 4
  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionBangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA)MymensinghBangladesh
  2. 2.Plant Breeding DivisionBINAMymensinghBangladesh
  3. 3.Soil Science DivisionBINAMymensinghBangladesh
  4. 4.CYSAL GmbHMünsterGermany

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