Advertisement

Crops and Methods to Control Soil Salinity

  • Ghulam MustafaEmail author
  • Mohd Sayeed Akhtar
Chapter

Abstract

Soil salinity can cause havoc for agroecosystem as it is predicted about 50% of land will be saline in the next 50 years, but the coping techniques may reduce and even mitigate the adverse impact of soil salinity. Saline agriculture is already happening in the world, and hence it can be an opportunity for sustainability of agriculture. There are many crops that perform better in salt-affected areas that farmers need to adapt under saline soil. This is because of the reason that adaptation to soil salinity is highly positive externality that increases the farmer well-being through increased crop production. However, the dilemma is that most of farmers in developing world are unaware to these crop of salt-affected areas and methods of adaptation techniques under salt-affected areas. Thus, the main focus of the present chapter is to give an overview of the past and present studies undergoing on crops and methods to reduce and even mitigate the adverse impact of soil salinity.

Keywords

Adaptation Soil salinity Cost-benefit analysis Externalities Environmental impact 

References

  1. Alam SM, Ansari R, Khan MA (2000) Saline agriculture and Pakistan. Industry and Economy http://www.pakistaneconomist.com/issue2000/issue19&20/i&e3.htm. Accessed 23 Feb 2019
  2. Ahn BK, Lee YH, Lee JH (2010) Fertilizer management practices with rice straw application for improving soil quality in watermelon monoculture greenhouse plots. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 43:75–82Google Scholar
  3. Ali A, Basra SMA, Hussain S, Iqbal I, Ahmad M, Sarwar M (2012) Salt stress alleviation in field crops through nutritional supplementation of silicon. Pak J Nutr 11:637–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arao T, Takeda H, Nishihara E (2008) Reduction of cadmium translocation from roots to shoots in eggplant (Solanum melongena) by grafting onto Solanum torvum rootstock. Soil Sci Plant Nutri 54:555–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benz LC, Sandoval PM, Willis WO (1967) Soil salinity changes with fallow and a straw mulch on fallow. Soil Sci 104:63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carter DL, Fanning CD (1964) Combining surface mulches and periodic water applications for reclaiming saline soils. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 28:564–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choukr-Allah R (1996) The potential of halophytes in the development and rehabilitation of arid and semi-arid zones. In: Choukr-Allah R, Malcolm CV, Hamdy A (eds) Halophytes and biosaline agriculture. Marcel Dekker Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Cooperband L (2002) Building soil organic matter with organic amendments: a resource for urban and rural gardeners, small farmers, turf grass managers and large-scale producers. Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems. University of Wisconsin, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  9. Cuartero J, Fernandez-Munoz R (1999) Tomato and salinity. Sci Hortic 78:83–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dregne H, Kassas M, Razanov B (1991) A new assessment of the world status of desertification. UNEP Desertification Control Bull (20):6–18Google Scholar
  11. Dudal R, Purnell MF (1986) Land resources: salt affected soils. Reclam Reveget Res 5:1–10Google Scholar
  12. Edelstein M, Ben-Hur M, Cohen R, Burger Y, Ravina I (2005) Boron and salinity effects on grafted and non-grafted melon plants. Plant Soil 269:273–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Epstein E, Norlyn JD, Rush DW (1980) Saline culture of crops: a genetic approach. Science 210:399–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fanning CD, Carter DL (1963) The effectiveness of a cotton-burr mulch and a ridge-furrow system in reclaiming saline soils by rainfall. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 27:703–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Foolad MR (2004) Recent advances in genetics of salt tolerance in tomato. Plant Cell Tissue Org 76:101–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gaafer M, Bassioni H, Mostafa T (2015) Soil improvement techniques. Int J Sci Eng Res 6:217–222Google Scholar
  17. Gabr AK (2012) The uncertainties of using replacement soil in controlling settlement. J Am Sci 8:662–665Google Scholar
  18. Gaind S, Nain L (2010) Exploration of composted cereal waste and poultry manure for soil restoration. Bioresour Technol 101:2996–3003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Glenn EP, Brown JJ, Blumwald E (1999) Salt tolerance and crop potential of halophytes. Crit Rev Plant Sci 18:227–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ibrahim M, Yamin M, Sarwar G, Anayat A, Habib F, Ullah S, Rehman S (2011) Tillage and farm manure affect root growth and nutrient uptake of wheat and rice under semi-arid conditions of Pakistan. Appl Geochem 26:S194–S197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ibrahim M, Han KH, Ha SK, Zhang YS, Hur SO (2012) Physico-chemical characteristics of disturbed soils affected by accumulate of different texture in South Korea. Sains Malaysiana 41:285–291Google Scholar
  22. Jackson T, Bird R (2008) Trees and shrubs for saline land: research in south west Victoria. Department of Primary Industries, HamiltonGoogle Scholar
  23. Koyro HW, Geissler N, Hussin S, Huchzermeyer B (2006) Mechanisms of cash crop halophytes to maintain yields and reclaim saline soils in arid areas. In: Khan MA, Weber DJ (eds) Ecophysiology of high salinity tolerant plants. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 345–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Krishnamurthy L, Upadhyaya HD, Gowda CLL, Kashiwagi J, Purushothaman R, Singh S, Vadez V (2014) Large variation for salinity tolerance in the core collection of foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.) germplasm. Crop Past Sci 65:353–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lal R (2005) World crop residues production and implication of its use as a biofuel. Environ Int 31:575–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Massoud FI (1976) Soil management and agronomic practices. In: prognosis of salinity and alkalinity. Soils Bull 31:111–118Google Scholar
  27. Mandal KG, Arun K, Misra K, Hati M, Kali K, Bandyopadhyay P, Ghosh K, Mohanty M (2004) Rice residue-management options and effects on soil properties and crop productivity. Food Agric Environ 2:224–231Google Scholar
  28. Mehdi SM, Sarfraz M, Abbas ST, Shabbir G, Akhtar J (2011) Integrated nutrient management for rice-wheat cropping system in a recently reclaimed soil. Soil Environ 30:36–44Google Scholar
  29. Munns R (2002) Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ 25:239–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Qadir M, Quillérou E, Nangia V, Murtaza G, Singh M, Thomas RJ, Drechsel P, Noble AD (2014) Economics of salt-induced land degradation and restoration. Nat Res Forum 38:282–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rouphael Y, Cardarelli M, Colla G, Rea E (2008) Yield, mineral composition, water relations, and water use efficiency of grafted mini-watermelon plants under deficit irrigation. HortScience 43:730–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sandoval FM, Benz LC (1966) Effect of bare fallow, barley and grass on salinity of a soil over a saline water table. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 30:392–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sarwar G, Schmeisky H, Hussain N, Muhammad S, Ibrahim M, Safdar E (2008) Improvement of soil physical and chemical properties with compost application in rice-wheat cropping system. Pak J Bot 40:275–282Google Scholar
  34. Sarwar G, Ibrahim M, Tahir MA, Iftikhar Y, Haider MS, Sabah N, Han KH, Ha SG, Zhang YS (2011) Effect of compost and gypsum application on the chemical properties and fertility status of saline-sodic soil. Korean J Soil Sci Fertil 44:510–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Savvas D, Pappa VA, Gizas G, Kotsiras A (2005) NaCl accumulation in a cucumber crop grown in a completely closed hydroponic system as influenced by NaCl concentration in irrigation water. Eur J Hortic Sci 70:217–223Google Scholar
  36. Tahir M, Sarwar MA (2013) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): a budding complement of synthetic fertilizers for improving crop production. Pak J Life Soc Sci. 11:1–7Google Scholar
  37. Varghese PC (2005). Foundation engineering. PHI Learning Pvt. LtdGoogle Scholar
  38. Yeo AR (1994) Physiological criteria in screening and breeding. In: Yeo AR, Flowers (eds) Soil mineral stresses: approaches to crop improvement. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 37–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of EducationLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of BotanyGandhi Faiz-e-Aam CollegeShahjahanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations