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Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop Production and Improving Soil Health

  • Rajinder Singh Antil
  • Dev Raj
Chapter

Abstract

Integrated nutrient management (INM) is a concept, which aims at the maintenance of soil health and plant nutrient availability in optimum amounts for sustaining soil health and crop productivity through optimization of the benefits from all possible sources of plant nutrients. INM could play an important role in increasing nutrient use efficiency (NUE), food grain production, and maintenance of soil health and increasing the farmer’s income through integrated and balanced application of fertilizers. Cropping system is one of the important ingredients of sustainable agriculture system as it provides more efficient cycling of nutrients. Therefore, balanced fertilization must be based on the concept of INM for a cropping system rather than a crop, so that crop productivity of the system as a whole is sustained. Long-term studies conducted in different agroclimatic zones have established the benefits of INM. This chapter overviews the importance of different components of INM in improving NUE, crop productivity, and soil health.

Keywords

Balanced fertilization Long-term experiments Organic manures Crop productivity Soil health 

Abbreviations

INM

Integrated nutrient management

Mt

Million tonne

NUE

Nutrient use efficiency

N

Nitrogen

P

Phosphorous

K

Potash

S

Sulfur

Zn

Zinc

B

Boron

Fe

Iron

Mn

Manganese

Mo

Molybdenum

HYV

High-yielding varieties

IPNS

Integrated Plant Nutrient Supply

INSAM

Integrated Nutrient Supply and Management

AICRP-IFS

All India Coordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming Systems

FYM

Farmyard manure

LTEs

Long-term experiments

BD

Bulk density

HC

Hydraulic conductivity

WSA

Water-stable aggregates

MWD

Mean weight diameter

IR

Infiltration rate

OC

Organic C

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

MBC

Microbial biomass carbon

LFC

Light carbon fraction

HFC

Heavy Carbon Fraction

RDF

Recommended dose of fertilizer

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajinder Singh Antil
    • 1
  • Dev Raj
    • 2
  1. 1.Amity Food and Agricultural FoundationAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceCCS Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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