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Seed Priming Alleviates Stress Tolerance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • R. K. Sarkar
  • A. K. Mukherjee
  • K. Chakraborty
Chapter

Abstract

Seed priming is an age-old practice in agriculture. Seed germination and seedling growth can be improved through seed priming (seed hydration–dehydration–rehydration techniques) and seed coating with different living and nonliving substances. Seed priming is an age-old practice in agriculture dates to 1926 showed that rapid germination and seedling growth due to chlorine water priming. Seed priming break ups the seed cover, decreases inhibitor concentration in hull and endosperm and transforms the seeds into a higher state of activation. Both germination rate and seedling growth turn out to be fast and superior in primed seeds compared to non-primed seeds, while capsulated seed gets some essential ingredients required for fast and uniform germination from the coating substances. It is observed that different priming agents improve tolerance to excess and deficit water, salinity, metal toxicity and temperature and different biotic stresses in rice. Reports show that capsulated seeds with appropriate pelleting agents induce tolerance to abiotic stresses such as germination stage oxygen deficiency, cold, drought and salinity. Seed treatments have greater impact to stabilize rice yields under adverse conditions. In this chapter, physiological and biochemical status of primed seeds are discussed in relation to tolerance to diverse abiotic stresses in rice.

Keywords

Abiotic stresses Rice Seed invigoration Tolerance Yield 

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

ALA

5-aminolevulinic acid

As

arsenic

Bo

boron

CaCl2

calcium chloride

CAT

catalase

Cd

cadmium

CL

chitosan-lignosulphonate polymer

Cr

chromium

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

E

eugenol

GA

gibberellic acid

GPX

glutathione peroxidase

GSOD

germination stage oxygen deficiency

H2O2

hydrogen peroxide

Hsp70

heat shock protein 70

IAA

indole-3-acetic acid

KCl

potassium chloride

KNO3

potassium nitrate

LEA

late embryogenesis abundant

MDA

malondialdehyde

Mn

manganese

mRNA

messenger RNA

P

phosphorus

PAs

polyamines

Pb

lead

PEG

polyethylene glycol

RNA

ribonucleic acid

ROS

reactive oxygen species

RQ

respiratory quotient

SA

salicylic acid

Se

selenium

SOD

superoxide dismutase

SPD

spermidine

SPM

spermine

Zn

zinc

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are grateful to the Indian Council of Agriculture, India, for providing financial support through Emeritus Scientist Scheme to RKS.

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Further Reading

  1. Farooq M, Kobayashi N, Wahid A, Ito O, Basra SMA (2009) Strategies for producing more rice with less water. Adv Agron 101:351–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hussain S, Zheng M, Khan F, Khaliq A, Fahad S, Peng S, Huang J, Cui K, Nie L (2015) Benefits of rice seed priming are offset permanently by prolonged storage and the storage conditions. Sci Rep 5:8101.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep08101CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Ibrahim EA (2016) Seed priming to alleviate salinity stress in germinating seeds. J Plant Physiol 192:38–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Paul S, Roychoudhury A (2017) Effect of seed priming with spermine/spermidine on transcriptional regulation of stress-responsive genes in salt-stressed seedlings of an aromatic rice cultivar. Plant Gene 11:133–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Wojtyla L, Lechowska K, Kubala S, Garnczarska M (2016) Molecular processes induced in primed seeds – increasing the potential to stabilize crop yields under drought conditions. J Plant Physiol 203:116–126PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Sarkar
    • 1
  • A. K. Mukherjee
    • 2
  • K. Chakraborty
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crop Physiology & BiochemistryICAR-National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia
  2. 2.Department of Crop ProtectionICAR-National Rice Research InstituteCuttackIndia

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