Chemical Priming for Multiple Stress Tolerance

  • Muhammad Arslan AshrafEmail author
  • Rizwan Rasheed
  • Iqbal Hussain
  • Muhammad Iqbal
  • Muhammad Riaz
  • Muhammad Saleem Arif


Plant growth and productivity is severely limited due to abiotic stresses, which have become more detrimental due to recent climate change. A number of strategies are being exercised in different parts of the world to combat yield reductions in crops due to abiotic stresses including temperature, drought, salinity, UV radiation, trace metal stress, etc. However, some of these strategies referred to as conventional breeding are time-consuming and labor-intensive, while plant genetic modification is another strategy, which is not acceptable in several countries of the world. In contrast, chemical priming appears as an alternative approach that prepares plants to better tolerate future abiotic and biotic stresses. Chemical priming has emerged as potential field in crop stress management strategies. Plants’ stress tolerance response can be modified by treating plants with chemical before the occurrence of stress events. Chemical priming imparts significant impact on plant growth, physiology, biochemistry, and molecular mechanism. Until now, the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating plant growth under the influence of chemical priming agents are not well elucidated. In this chapter, we reviewed the functions of emerging chemical priming agents that include polyamines, β-aminobutyric acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, melatonin, menadione sodium bisulfite, sodium nitroprusside, sodium hydrosulfide, selenium, and salicylic acid.


Priming agents Seed soaking Hormonal priming Antioxidant enzymes Reactive oxygen species Signaling molecules 



ascorbate peroxidase




glutathione reductase


hydrogen peroxide


hydrogen sulfide






sodium hydrosulfide


nitric oxide


polyethylene glycol




photosystem II




reactive oxygen species


relative water contents




sodium nitroprusside


superoxide dismutase








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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Arslan Ashraf
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rizwan Rasheed
    • 1
  • Iqbal Hussain
    • 1
  • Muhammad Iqbal
    • 1
  • Muhammad Riaz
    • 2
  • Muhammad Saleem Arif
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan

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