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Mechanisms of Seed Priming Involved in Salt Stress Amelioration

  • Magdi T. Abdelhamid
  • Raafat R. El-Masry
  • Darwish S. Darwish
  • Mazhar M. F. Abdalla
  • Shinya Oba
  • Ragab Ragab
  • Ayman EL Sabagh
  • Mahmoud H. El Kholy
  • Elsayed Omer
Chapter

Abstract

Reduction of photosynthetic rates in plants under salt pressure is triggered primarily by reducing water potential and/or elevated levels of Na+ and/or Cl accumulated in chloroplasts and chlorophyll that are essential for plant health. Much work has been done to create strategies to deal with salinity stress. The use of organic and inorganic compounds, nutrients, and seed priming is among the promising strategies adopted to alleviate the unfavorable consequences of salinity and improve plant yields and yield quality. Seed priming is a commercially used method to improve the germination and vigor of seeds. The purpose of this work is to review the recent literature on plant response to seed priming under salinity stress. A schematic diagram describing the chain reaction following the seed priming was proposed. The diagram illustrates the possible impact of the seed priming on different physiological processes, enhancing tolerance level and final yield. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how plants build up many physiological and biochemical adaptations to regulate themselves when using seed priming under saline conditions. The variation on photosynthetic pigment (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, carotenoids), photosystem II, and net CO2 photosynthetic rate; ionic balance; K+:Na+ ratio difference; osmolyte accumulation, i.e., proline, glycine betaine, amino acids, and sugars; accumulation of enzymatic like superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, peroxidase, and nonenzymatic antioxidants (i.e., total phenols, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, total carotenoids); membrane stability; and levels of H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents are among the most important physiological and biochemical plant reaction mechanisms for seed priming that allow plants to cope under saline conditions.

Keywords

Antioxidants Enzymes Growth Ionic balance Osmolytes Oxidative stress Photosynthesis Photosynthetic pigment Salinity Salt Seed priming 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first author, Dr. Magdi Abdelhamid, would like to express his gratitude to his colleagues at the Department of Botany, National Research Center, Giza, Egypt, for their important contribution to this study in some phases.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magdi T. Abdelhamid
    • 1
  • Raafat R. El-Masry
    • 1
  • Darwish S. Darwish
    • 2
  • Mazhar M. F. Abdalla
    • 2
  • Shinya Oba
    • 3
  • Ragab Ragab
    • 4
  • Ayman EL Sabagh
    • 5
  • Mahmoud H. El Kholy
    • 6
  • Elsayed Omer
    • 7
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Agronomy Department, Faculty of AgricultureCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Plant Production Control Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Biological SciencesGifu UniversityGifuJapan
  4. 4.Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH)WallingfordUK
  5. 5.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureKafrelsheikh UniversityKafrelsheikhEgypt
  6. 6.Soil and Water Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  7. 7.Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

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