Application of the Policy Model in Sendai: the Experiences of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Action UNISDR/WCDRR Public Forum, 2015–2030
This chapter reports on the raising of awareness among citizens who participated in the workshop on resilient cities held at the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai in March 2015. We provided 18 citizens with four types of expert knowledge: a long-term climate forecast for Sendai; the roles of infrastructure as precautionary and adaptive measures; the roles of green infrastructure as adaptative and transformative measures; and the status report which consists of the assessment result of the resilience of Sendai City by urban indicators, civil indicators, and administrative indicators. Based on this expert knowledge, the participants discussed risk perception, vulnerability assessments, evaluation of situations to be avoided, and resilience measures in Sendai. The results demonstrate that this workshop was able to change the participants’ attitudes toward terms of self-support due to the fact that participants who had been personally affected by a disaster knew the importance of self-support and specific actions over public support.
KeywordsWorkshop Expert knowledge Local knowledge Awareness raising
We would like to thank Professor Toshimitsu Komatsu (Kyushu University), Ms. Yukiko Ikeda (Sendai district meteorological observatory), and Professor Toru Nakashizuka (Tohoku University) who presented their expert knowledge at the workshop, and also Professor Noriko Sugiyama (Nagoya University), Dr. Naoki Masuhara (Research Institute of Humanity and Nature), Dr. Haruna Ozawa (The Coalition of Local Governments for Environmental Initiative, Japan), Mr. Kosuke Shirai (Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.) and Mr. Yu Nagata (Kumamoto City Office) who conducted the workshop collaboratively with us, and the citizen in Sendai who attended the workshop. We would also like to thank Ms. Natsumi Ebitani (Graduate school of Agricultural and life sciences, University of Tokyo) and Ms. Izumi Hirata (Graduate school of Engineering, University of Tokyo) who assisted editing.
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