Administrative Indicator: Local Officials’ Cognitive Structure of Policies for Making Resilient Cities
In order to measure administrative indicators, we conducted a questionnaire survey among local governments across Japan. The results show that risks perceived by most local government officials included earthquakes, population decreases, and increases in greenhouse gas emissions. According to the questionnaire results, resilience measures prepared and implemented include the promotion of renewable energy as a precautionary measure as well as the enhancement of methods to collect and provide disaster-related information as an adaptive measure. There are differences among departments of planning, disaster prevention, and environmental policy. The multiple regression analysis results for each department demonstrate that the effects of drivers and barriers in the policy process are stronger than that of the perception and evaluations. As for environmental policy departments, the presence of other local governments to refer to is important in promoting policy. It is likely that the presence of networks of local governments would be important as an agent to promote policy transfer.
KeywordsQuestionnaire Risk perception Vulnerability assessment Drivers and barriers Policy process Preparation and implementation of measures
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the respondents who participated in the questionnaire survey and to Ms. Natsumi Ebitani (Graduate school of Agricultural and life sciences, University of Tokyo) and Ms. Izumi Hirata (Graduate school of Engineering, University of Tokyo) who assisted editing.
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