Civil Indicator: The Resilience Index of Regional Communities to the Risks of Disasters

  • Motoko KosugiEmail author
  • Kenshi Baba
  • Mitsuru Tanaka


We created a public indicator as an index to measure the resilience of cities and regions against the risk of natural disasters related to climate change, as well as other risks associated with the changing social environment. The public indicator is one of the three main indicators (Baba & Tanaka 2015). In our online survey, we measured the commitment to residential areas, crises that occurred in the regions, and the vulnerabilities of the community. We selected the risks of eight natural hazards, then recruited respondents from eight cities and prefectures that have either high likelihood or a high frequency of experiencing such disasters. Our results indicate that respondents strongly recognized the risk of disasters that frequently occur in their own residential areas as crisis events rather than other disasters. Participation in community activities and a commitment to their localities were high in rural area. The recognition of vulnerability of homes and communities was low in urban areas. These results showed that resilience index of regional community in urban areas such as Sapporo City was high in the aspect of prevention, and resilience index in rural area such as Kagoshima Prefecture was high in the aspect of cooperation and reconstruction.


Resilience Regional community Questionnaire survey Natural disaster Climate change 



This research was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development fund (1-1304) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shizuoka UniversityShizuokaJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo City UniversityKanagawaJapan
  3. 3.Hosei UniversityTokyoJapan

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