Comprehensive Lessons Learned and the Next Steps

  • Mitsuru Tanaka
  • Kenshi BabaEmail author


As the last chapter of this book, we first summarize each chapter, then derive comprehensive lessons learned from these chapters. Summarizing the above findings, it could be said that raising resilience is a form of manifested, flexible imagination, which has led to many scientific findings and data. In order to strengthen the resilience and adaptability of regions that have signed the Paris Agreement, the above-referenced three skills must be developed to deal with the long-term, obvious risks of climate change, as well as the short-term risks hidden within regional communities. It is important to deepen the debate of the natural social characteristics of past, present, and future cities and regions, of residents’ lifestyles, and of the awareness and needs of residents by understanding the external risks, vulnerabilities, and situations to be avoided proposed in this book; this can be achieved by using the related urban indicators, civil indicators, and administrative indicators adaptability tools and sharing specific, quantified evaluations, and by discussing said specific, shared methodology in scenario workshops or focus groups.


Policy transfer The Global Covenant of Mayors SDGs future city 


  1. Baba K, Masuhara N, Kimura M (2018) Scenario-based approach to local water-energy-food nexus issues with experts and stakeholders. In: Endo A, Oh T (eds) The water-energy-food nexus, human-environmental security in the Asia-Pacific ring of fire. Springer, Singapore, pp 321–333Google Scholar
  2. The Cabinet Office (2018) The results of selection of SDGs Future City in FY 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hosei UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo City UniversityYokohamaJapan

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