Intraocular Tuberculosis

  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Tripti Choudhary
  • Kanika Aggarwal
  • Vishali Gupta
Part of the Retina Atlas book series (RA)


Tuberculosis (TB) is an endemic disease in many countries of the developing world and is associated with severe morbidity and mortality. Intraocular tuberculosis (IOTB) is a rare condition that may present with severe visual debilitating symptoms and often presents as a diagnostic challenge due to its protean manifestations (Gupta et al. 2007, 2015b). IOTB often presents as posterior uveitis (Gupta et al. 2015b). Thus, early recognition of IOTB and its prompt management with specific therapy are an important aspect of uveitis practice especially in developing countries.


Financial Support

The authors have no financial disclosure/proprietary interest. No conflicting relationship exists for any author.

This work was partly supported by a grant from Department of Biotechnology (DBT), India for the development of Centre of Excellence at the Advanced Eye Centre, PGIMER Chandigarh.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 1
  • Tripti Choudhary
    • 1
  • Kanika Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Vishali Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CenterPost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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