The Model Legume Medicago truncatula: Past, Present, and Future

  • Kaustav BandyopadhyayEmail author
  • Jerome Verdier
  • Yun Kang


Legumes are indispensable as food for us, feed for our livestock, and as a major contributor towards sustainable agricultural practices. Seed development, and root nodule symbiosis in legumes are the two main areas where majority of research is focused. Though Arabidopsis thaliana is a plant model with huge publicly-available resources, a model for legumes is always needed to study the unique characteristics of this family. Since last few decades, Medicago truncatula is being used as a model for studying plant-microbe interaction, seed development, and abiotic stress on plants. Many genomic resources have been developed, including the genome sequence, spatio-temporal gene expression data, germplasm collection, and collection of different types of mutants. This chapter describes the path followed by Medicago truncatula to become a model legume, along with all the above-mentioned genomic resources in detail. We have also discussed the ways of utilizing these resources in forward and reverse genetic studies. Concerted use of these resources with genome-wide analyses, molecular breeding programmes, and latest targeted genetic editing techniques has limit-less potential of empowering legumes as future food security.


Medicago truncatula Legumes Model plants Genomic resources 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaustav Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jerome Verdier
    • 2
  • Yun Kang
    • 3
  1. 1.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity UniversityGurgaonIndia
  2. 2.Research Institute of horticulture and seeds (IRHS)INRA, Agrocampus-Ouest, Universite d’AngersAngersFrance
  3. 3.Noble Research InstituteArdmoreUSA

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