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Defense Mechanism and Diverse Actions of Fungal Biological Control Agents Against Plant Biotic Stresses

  • Mostafa Abdelrahman
  • Sudisha JogaiahEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The terms “biological control” or its abbreviation “biocontrol” is an environmentally sound and effective means of mitigating or reducing of pathogen/pests by interference with their ecological status, as by introducing a natural enemy into their environment. The concept of biological control have been used in various fields of research, most notably plant pathology and entomology. In plant pathology, it has been used to describe the use of microbial antagonists to suppress plant diseases. In entomology, the term applies to the use of insects’ predators, or microbial agents to suppress populations of various pest insects. In both fields, the living organism that used to suppresses the pathogen or pest is referred to as the biological control agent (BCA). With regards to plant pathology, the plant host responds to various environmental stimuli, including non-pathogenic and pathogenic, thus induced host resistance, considered outstanding formula of biological control. In this chapter we will discuss the mechanism and mode of actions of different fungal BCA for induction of crop disease resistance and specific advantages of using this control method in integrated disease management (IDM) in crop plants.

Keywords

Biocontrol agents Trichoderma spp Induced systemic resistance Different mechanism 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular Breeding Laboratory, Arid Land Research CenterTottori UniversityTottoriJapan
  2. 2.Botany Department Faculty of ScienceAswan UniversityAswanEgypt
  3. 3.Plant Healthcare and Diagnostic Center, Department of Studies in Biotechnology and MicrobiologyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia

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