Advertisement

Concluding Remarks

  • Chang Q SunEmail author
Chapter
  • 202 Downloads
Part of the Springer Series in Chemical Physics book series (CHEMICAL, volume 121)

Abstract

A combination of the O:H–O bond cooperativity, segmental DPS strategy, and contact-angle detection, etc., has enabled systematic quantification and clarification of the hydration bonding dynamics for HX acids, YOH bases and H2O2 hydrogen peroxide, YX, ZX2 and complex NaT salts, alcohols, organic acids, aldehydes, and sugars. Advancement of the theoretical and experimental strategies has enabled resolution of the solute capabilities of transiting the O:H–O bonds from the mode of ordinary water into the hydrating states in terms of phonon abundance, bond stiffness, and fluctuation order, and electron polarization. O:H vdW formation, H↔H point fragilization, O:⇔:O point compression, and ionic or dipolar polarization form the basic elements for molecular nonbond interactions. Nonbond-bond cooperativity and solute-solvent interfacial structure distortion govern the performance of the solutions in terms of surface stress, solution viscosity, molecular diffusivity, phonon lifetime, solution temperature, phase boundary dispersion, critical pressures and temperatures for phase transition under mutifield excitation.

References

  1. 1.
    C.Q. Sun, Y. Sun, The Attribute of Water: Single Notion, Multiple Myths. Springer Series in Chemical Physics, vol. 113 (Springer, Heidelberg, 2016), 494pGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y.L. Huang, X. Zhang, Z.S. Ma, Y.C. Zhou, W.T. Zheng, J. Zhou, C.Q. Sun, Hydrogen-bond relaxation dynamics: resolving mysteries of water ice. Coord. Chem. Rev. 285, 109–165 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.Q. Sun, X. Zhang, X. Fu, W. Zheng, J.-L. Kuo, Y. Zhou, Z. Shen, J. Zhou, Density and phonon-stiffness anomalies of water and ice in the full temperature range. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 3238–3244 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C.Q. Sun, X. Zhang, J. Zhou, Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, W. Zheng, Density, elasticity, and stability anomalies of water molecules with fewer than four neighbors. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 2565–2570 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Q. Zeng, T. Yan, K. Wang, Y. Gong, Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, C.Q. Sun, B. Zou, Compression icing of room-temperature NaX solutions (X = F, Cl, Br, I). Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(20), 14046–14054 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    X. Zhang, Y. Xu, Y. Zhou, Y. Gong, Y. Huang, C.Q. Sun, HCl, KCl and KOH Solvation resolved solute-solvent interactions and solution surface stress. Appl. Surf. Sci. 422, 475–481 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, Z. Ma, Y. Gong, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C.Q. Sun, Water molecular structure-order in the NaX hydration shells (X = F, Cl, Br, I). J. Mol. Liq. 221, 788–797 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Gong, Y. Zhou, H. Wu, D. Wu, Y. Huang, C.Q. Sun, Raman spectroscopy of alkali halide hydration: hydrogen bond relaxation and polarization. J. Raman Spectrosc. 47(11), 1351–1359 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    X. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Y. Gong, Y. Huang, C. Sun, Resolving H(Cl, Br, I) capabilities of transforming solution hydrogen-bond and surface-stress. Chem. Phys. Lett. 678, 233–240 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y. Zhou, D. Wu, Y. Gong, Z. Ma, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, C.Q. Sun, Base-hydration-resolved hydrogen-bond networking dynamics: Quantum point compression. J. Mol. Liq. 223, 1277–1283 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Chen, C. Yao, X. Liu, X. Zhang, C.Q. Sun, Y. Huang, H2O2 and HO solvation dynamics: solute capabilities and solute-solvent molecular interactions. Chem. Select 2(27), 8517–8523 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Gong, Y. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Li, X. Liu, L. Niu, Y. Huang, X. Zhang, C.Q. Sun, Hydrogen bond network relaxation resolved by alcohol hydration (methanol, ethanol, and glycerol). J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(3), 393–398 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Ni, Y. Gong, X. Liu, C.Q. Sun, Z. Zhou, The anti-frozen attribute of sugar solutions. J. Mol. Liq. 247, 337–344 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Chen, C. Yao, X. Zhang, C.Q. Sun, Y. Huang, Hydrogen bond and surface stress relaxation by aldehydic and formic acidic molecular solvation. J. Mol. Liq. 249, 494–500 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Yangtze Normal UniversityChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations