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Labor

  • Yoshisada Shida
  • Kazuhiro Kumo
  • Yasushi NakamuraEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter aims to make the historical labor statistics covering the Soviet and the new-Russian periods. We discuss the conceptual differences between them that stem from the different purposes of the labor statistics. The Soviet statistics is to quantify the labor reserves that the authorities can mobilize, while the new-Russian statistics is to quantify the labor market situation. New Russian still compiles some labor statistics series following the Soviet-time methodology. Thus, it is important to know the difference. The compiled labor statistics series showed that the number of employed persons almost monotonously increased from 1940 to the early-1980s and that Russia has transformed itself from an agrarian, through an industrial, into a service economy in a monotonous way from 1940 to 2015.

Keywords

Labor force Enrolled workforce Employment by sector Unemployment 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshisada Shida
    • 1
  • Kazuhiro Kumo
    • 2
  • Yasushi Nakamura
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Research DivisionThe Economic Research Institute for Northeast AsiaNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Economic ResearchHitotsubashi UniversityKunitachiJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of International Social SciencesYokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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