• Kazuhiro KumoEmail author


The aims of this chapter are (1) to overview the statistical systems and methods of maintaining population statistics in the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Russian Federation; (2) to provide population statistics in territorial units comparable to the Russian Federation based on primary materials; and (3) to take a general view of long-term population dynamics from the late Imperial era to the new Russian Federation. The gap between previous research dealing with population during the imperial period and that which examines the period after the October revolution is very large, and few studies utilized primary data in investigating population figures of the imperial era. Thus, this chapter provides fundamentally necessary information for investigating historical development processes in Russia.


Population Birth rate Death rate Infant mortality Comparable territorial units 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Economic ResearchHitotsubashi UniversityKunitachiJapan

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