Towards Urban Densification

Using Shape Grammar to Develop Components for Retrofitting Street Design
  • Marcela Noronha Pinto de Oliveira e SousaEmail author
  • Gabriela Celani
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1028)


Cities will have to become denser to accommodate expanding urban populations, creating a challenge for urban mobility. Existing urban infrastructure must be retrofitted to promote the use of collective and active modes of transportation. This article presents a prescriptive grammar, for retrofitting urban street design in the context of densification, based on patterns extracted from current guides and manuals. This prescriptive grammar is a crossover between concepts of shape grammar and pattern language, joining generative capabilities of geometric shape grammars with descriptive and prescriptive approaches commonly referred to as design patterns. An example is presented to illustrate its application.


Shape grammar Parametric urbanism Travel behavior 



This study was financed by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brazil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001 through PhD Scholarships in Brazil and abroad (Process 88881.187989/2018-01).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of CampinasCampinasBrazil

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