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Tree Ecosystem: Microbial Dynamics and Functionality

  • Samiksha Joshi
  • Manvika Sahgal
  • Salil K. Tewari
  • Bhavdish N. Johri
Chapter

Abstract

Trees constitute a dominant component of the agroforestry ecosystem. The forests are dynamic ecological reservoirs. Microbial dynamics in a forest are usually governed by the fires, insect outbreaks, climatic or seasonal variations, and anthropogenic activities occurring across tens to thousands of years. Microbial ecological studies revealed that microbe species are important drivers of various processes taking place in forests as well as respond to these changes. Microbial dynamic studies have been undertaken in temperate and boreal forests, whereas tropical forests are yet to be explored and characterized. Still there is a lack of information and knowledge in this area. The description of the microbial communities is incomplete or biased. Also, scanty information is available on ectomycorrhiza (ECM) and saprophytic wood-decomposing fungi. The microbial taxa actively participating in forest ecosystem services have not yet identified. This chapter describes intensive studies that have been carried out on microbial activity; their interactions with trees and other forest biota are required.

Keywords

Microbial communities Forests Ectomycorrhiza Decomposing fungi Ecosystem services 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the financial assistance provided by ICAR and GOI. They also want to thank the State Forest Department of Tanakpur and Lachiwala range in Uttarakhand for allowing the sampling of natural sisso forests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samiksha Joshi
    • 1
  • Manvika Sahgal
    • 1
  • Salil K. Tewari
    • 2
  • Bhavdish N. Johri
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyG. B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingG. B. Pant University of Agriculture & TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyBarkatullah UniversityBhopalIndia

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