Anisotropic Elasticity

  • Konstantin VolokhEmail author


Rubber-like materials are usually isotropic. It is possible, of course, to strengthen them by embedding fibers in prescribed directions and creating the fiber-reinforced composites. Nature does so with the soft biological tissues which usually consist of an isotropic matrix with the embedded and oriented collagen fibers. The collagen fibers are aligned with the axes of ligaments and tendons forming one characteristic direction or they can form two and more characteristic directions in the case of blood vessels, heart etc.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTechnion - Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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