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Dietary Antioxidants in Mitigating Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Subhoshree Ghose
  • Swati Varshney
  • Rahul Chakraborty
  • Shantanu SenguptaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is known to be detrimental to cardiovascular health and the burden of ROS is partially restored via supplementation of diet containing antioxidants. Increased ROS levels are related to DNA damage and a number of vascular complications majorly inflammation, vasoconstriction, smooth muscle cell proliferation, thrombus formation etc. Antioxidant components of fruits, vegetables, medicinal plants, spices and culinary herbs have been explored for years which regulate metabolic and immunogenic pathways in a concerted manner to alleviate oxidant stress generated under cardiovascular abnormalities. The controversies around the efficacy of antioxidants have further accentuated due to unavailability of accurate biomarkers indicative of antioxidant status. A number of dietary factors have been also explored for their anti-oxidative potential to be used as therapeutics. Antioxidants target apoptosis, nitric oxide signaling, phosphatidylinositol signaling, protein kinase C to maintain redox homeostasis and prevent the risk of cardiovascular diseases. In this chapter, we have provided detailed description of biochemical and biological role of different antioxidants and their crosstalk with various signaling pathways to combat the burden of free radical species within the system.

Keywords

Oxidative stress ROS Cardiovascular disease Antioxidants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhoshree Ghose
    • 1
    • 2
  • Swati Varshney
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rahul Chakraborty
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shantanu Sengupta
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Cardio-Respiratory Disease Biology, Genomics and Molecular Medicine UnitCSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific &Innovative Research (AcSIR)GhaziabadIndia

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