Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye: Parameter Optimization Using Taguchi’s Experimental Methodology

  • T. B. Gupta
  • D. H. LatayeEmail author
  • S. T. Kurwadkar
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 949)


Adsorption of crystal violet dye (CV) was investigated using laboratory-developed activated carbon obtained from Acacia nilotica (AAC) sawdust. Taguchi’s optimization methodology was used for optimizing various batch parameters for CV removal from liquid solutions by AAC. The effectiveness of three levels of Taguchi orthogonal array was examined to optimize adsorption parameters. The adsorption factors, viz AAC dosage, concentration of CV, temperature, and time, were used at three levels to study its overall effect on adsorption of CV by AAC. Taguchi’s L9 orthogonal array has been applied for experiment design and optimization, and the results were analyzed using ANOVA for raw and S/N data using ‘bigger is better’ characteristic. The ANOVA shows which CV concentration is the utmost significant with 55.60% contribution tracked by AAC dosage, temperature, and time of contact with 37.81, 3.95, and 2.11% contribution, respectively. The optimized combination of parameters for CV dye removal was found to be A1, B3, C3, and D3. The predicted (forecasted) values and confirmation respective values of total dye adsorbed onto AAC at optimization were observed to be 31.46 and 31.45 mg/g.


Adsorption Crystal violet dye Levels Optimize Taguchi 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringRamdeobaba College of Engineering and ManagementNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringVisvesvaraya National Institute of TechnologyNagpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCalifornia State University, FullertonFullertonUSA

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