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Green Polymer Composites Based on Polylactic Acid (PLA) and Fibers

  • Mokgaotsa Jonas MochaneEmail author
  • Teboho Clement Mokhena
  • Emmanuel Rotimi SadikuEmail author
  • S. S. Ray
  • T. G. Mofokeng
Chapter
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)

Abstract

The increasing demand for environmental and waste management policies globally has motivated researchers to focus on the development of biocomposites from renewable resources such as lignocellulosic materials and biopolymers in order to protect the environment. The release of polymers as waste materials generated a significant problem to the environment after service life. Authorities globally are encouraging people to employ more green materials from renewable resources. Biodegradable polymers from natural resources provide with an excellent opportunity to reduce the reliance on petroleum-derived polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene. Among the well-known biodegradable polymers, polylactic acid (PLA) has a huge commercial potential because of its good biocompatibility, aesthetics, and easy processability in different mixing techniques. Polylactic acid is a biodegradable from renewable resources such as starch and corn. Currently, attention has been paid to the use of bio-reinforced composites which are applied in automotive, construction, and packaging applications. This chapter discusses the current research efforts, challenges, different preparation methods, and applications of polylactic acid (PLA)/fiber composites.

Keywords

Polylactic acid Biodegradable Biopolymers Lignocellulosic Renewable resources 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mokgaotsa Jonas Mochane
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Teboho Clement Mokhena
    • 2
    • 3
  • Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. S. Ray
    • 4
  • T. G. Mofokeng
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Materials Engineering (Polymer Section)Institute for Nano-Engineering Research (INER), Tshwane University of TechnologyPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNelson Mandela UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa
  3. 3.CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing, Polymers and CompositesPort ElizabethSouth Africa
  4. 4.DST, CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial ResearchPretoriaSouth Africa
  5. 5.Department of Life SciencesCentral University of TechnologyBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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