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Synthesis of Polymeric Biomaterial for Medicine and Surgery

  • Nnamdi C. IheaturuEmail author
  • Ihuoma V. Diwe
  • Alma Tamunonengiofori Banigo
  • Oluyemi O. Daramola
  • Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku
Chapter
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)

Abstract

New polymer materials for medical applications are the reason for some successes recorded in medicine and surgery. Current research and development (R&D) efforts are geared toward the upgrading of techniques and devices for more compelling and productive processing and application of biomaterials in medicine and surgery. The application of outcomes of such R&D efforts has led to recorded successes in the treatment of nagging health-related issues, wherein polymeric biomaterials are technically deployed in today’s healthcare technology. For wound healing, for instance, three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds may be designed to have a wide scope of properties which incorporate suitable surface science, porosity with pore measurements from large-scale to submicron and interconnectivity systems, which enable cell-to-cell communication and migration, cell multiplication, and separation, lastly to keep up the biocompatibility and basic honesty all through the tissue recovery process. Fabrication procedures of biocompatible 3D scaffolds and hydrogels with suitable architectures may be achieved via the conventional method of synthesis or rapid prototyping. On account of hydrogels, chemical cross-linking prompts the development of permanent junction-type networks, while physical cross-linking permits the arrangement of transient junction-type networks. These possibilities give credences to the relentless efforts of R&D in the synthesis of more stable polymeric biomaterials for medical applications.

Keywords

Biomaterials Medicine Surgery Wound healing Biocompatibility Hydrogels 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nnamdi C. Iheaturu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ihuoma V. Diwe
    • 1
  • Alma Tamunonengiofori Banigo
    • 2
  • Oluyemi O. Daramola
    • 3
    • 4
  • Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Polymer and Textile EngineeringFederal University of TechnologyIhiagwa, OwerriNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical TechnologyFederal University of TechnologyOwerriNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria
  4. 4.Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Polymer DivisionInstitute of NanoEngineering Research (INER), Tshwane University of TechnologyPretoriaSouth Africa

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