Representing Migration in ASEAN: Challenges to Regional Integration
This chapter presents a discourse analysis of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprints, focusing on how intra-regional migration is represented. It then examines declarations and action plans that address migration-related issues, including the ASEAN Declaration on Transnational Crime (1997), Hanoi Plan of Action (1998), Bangkok Declaration on Irregular Migration (1999), ASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children (2004), Vientiane Action Programme (2004), Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers (2007) and most recently, Consensus on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers (2017). The analysis identifies how the social actors mentioned are linguistically and thematically represented and the themes surrounding the discourse of migration. Findings revealed that migration discourses centred around the feminization of migration, human trafficking, skilled labour mobility and the underrepresentation of forced migration and displacement.
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