Taurine Promotes Neuritic Growth of Dorsal Root Ganglion Cells Exposed to High Glucose in Vitro
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is the most common chronic complication of DM and its major pathological changes show axonal dysfunction, atrophy and loss. However, there are few reports that taurine promotes neurite growth of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells. In current study, DRG neurons were exposed to high glucose (HG) with or without taurine. The neurite outgrowth of DRG neurons was observed by fluorescent immunohistochemistry method. Expression of Gap-43, Akt, phosphorylated Akt, mTOR and phosphorylated mTOR was determined by Western blot assay. Our results showed that HG significantly decreased the neurite outgrowth and expression of Gap-43 in DRG neurons. Moreover, phosphorylated levels of Akt and mTOR were downregulated in DRG neurons exposed to HG. On the contrary, taurine supplementation significantly reversed the decreased neurite outgrowth and Gap-43 expression, and the downregulated phosphorylated levels of Akt and mTOR. However, the protective effects of taurine were blocked in the presence of PI3K antagonists LY294002 or Akt antagonists Perifosine. These results indicate that taurine promotes neurite outgrowth of DRG neurons exposed to HG via activating Akt/mTOR signal pathway.
KeywordsHigh glucose Diabetic neuropathy Taurine Dorsal root ganglion cells Neurite outgrowth
Dorsal root ganglion
Conflict of Interest
It is declared that there is no conflict of interest among the authors.
In this study no animal was harmed or hurd.
This manuscript is being submitter after consent from all authors and all authors are aware of submission.
- Kim KS, Oh DH, Kim JY, Lee BG, You JS, Chang KJ, Chung HJ, Yoo MC, Yang HI, Kang JH, Hwang YC, Ahn KJ, Chung HY, Jeong IK (2012) Taurine ameliorates hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia by reducing insulin resistance and leptin level in otsuka long-evans tokushima fatty (oletf) rats with long-term diabetes. Exp Mol Med 44(11):665–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar