Protective Effect of Taurine on Paraquat-Induced Lung Epithelial Cell Injury
The herbicide Paraquat induce oxidative stress-mediated lung injury. Taurine is a well-known antioxidant. This study was designed to explore the effect of taurine on paraquat-induced injury and its related mechanism in A549 cells. The cells were pretreated with various concentrations of taurine for 30 min prior to paraquat exposure. 24 h later, cell viability was examined by the MTT assay. The level of glutathione (GSH) and the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were analyzed. The results show that taurine treatment significantly attenuates the decrease in cell viability mediated by paraquat in A549 cells. Taurine also reversed paraquat-induced disturbances in GSH content and GPx activity. Taurine exerts protection against paraquat-mediated A549 cell toxicity likely through modulation of oxidative stress.
KeywordsTaurine Paraquat Oxidative stress Lung injury
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