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Regulation, Development, and Utilization of the Yangtze River

  • Jin Chen
Chapter

Abstract

The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers are the cradles of the Chinese civilization. Since the Neolithic age, there have been lots of agricultural activities in different areas of the Yangtze River basin, which have begun to impact the Yangtze River, and the intensity of human activities has been closely related to the geographical environment and waters of the basin. Human beings began by living adjacent to waters with flood- and drought-fighting activities; then they started large-scale activities that consisted of logging forests, reclaiming land from lakes, constructing dikes, and developing land from waters; and then they commenced the construction of modern reservoirs and hydropower stations. This chapter overviews the history of human development and utilization of the Yangtze River, especially the changes of the Jianghan Plain and Dongting Lake, development and evolution of Poyang Lake, development and regulation of the Yangtze Estuary, construction of reservoirs and hydropower stations in the Yangtze River basin, and utilization of water resources in the Yangtze River. This chapter also analyzes changes of water use index and structure in the watershed, completed and planned water diversion projects as well as their associated impacts, and the future trend of water resources development and utilization in the Yangtze River.

Keywords

The Yangtze River Changjiang River Evolution of river system Basin ecosystem Water resources utilization Floods and drought Ecological and environmental protection Basin management 

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Copyright information

© Changjiang Press (Wuhan) Co.,Ltd. & Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Changjiang Water Resources CommissionChangjiang River Science Research InstituteWuhanChina

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