Humane Animal Management

  • Joseph William Holloway
  • Jianping Wu


Red meats are derived from ruminant animals. For muscle to become meat, the animal must die. Since all plants and animals on the planet must suffer the same fate of death, the death of the animal cannot be considered as unnatural or inhumane. Some might consider the death of meat animals untimely and therefore worthy of the categorization as inhumane. But, in an existential sense, the animal would never have existed if its meat was not desired by someone. Therefore, it could be said that the consumer is the reason the animal was allowed the “privilege” of life. But, as the saying goes, “the devil is in the details,” whether the meat is produced in a manner considerate of the well-being of the animal is the issue addressed in this chapter. This chapter reviews the literature concerning the science of physiological and emotional stress and production system elements that can be employed to ameliorate stress.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Science Press 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph William Holloway
    • 1
  • Jianping Wu
    • 2
  1. 1.Animal ScienceTexas A&M UniversityUvaldeUSA
  2. 2.Gansu Academy of Agricultural SciencesLanzhouChina

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