Advertisement

The Strategic Game in Indo-Pacific Region and Its Impact on China’s Security

  • Cuiping Zhu
Chapter
Part of the Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China’s Development Path book series (RSCDCDP)

Abstract

Recently, the term of “Indo-Pacific” has often been mentioned by US, Japan, Australia as well as India. The Trump administration’s strategy for advancing a free and open Indo-Pacific, which aims to place multiple big powers or middle powers in the Great Chessboard of “Indo-Pacific” to cope with the rise of China and form a balance among major powers under the American hegemony. It can be said that the “Indo-Pacific” strategy is a continuation of “Asia-Pacific Rebalancing” and a new containment against China in the Indo-Pacific Region. It seems that China is excluded from the strategic system, but in fact it is not only involved, but also the main target of the “Indo-Pacific” strategic conception. The core region of this strategy includes the West Pacific and Bay of Bengal in the East Indian Ocean. The main intention of the US is to make India, Japan and Australia as the strategic strongholds, especially by taking the strategic advantage of India in the East Indian Ocean to exert pressure on the Western Pacific and squeeze China’s strategic space. In this strategic dynamics, China will not only inevitably be facing some pressures brought by the “hegemonic threat” in this region, but will also suffer a negative impact on China’s promotion of economic integration here, as well as the security order in the region. Although the “Indo-Pacific” strategy is at the conception stage, or more of a “strategic deterrent”, and there is still a lot of uncertainty in whether it can be implemented in the future, but the strategic game caused by the US’s regarding China as a competitor will continue. Based on this, China should regard the Pacific and Indian Ocean areas as a whole from the perspective of geo-economics and make plan in combination with the “Belt and Road”. China can take the advantages of its geo-economic advantages to explore positive factors in the “Indo-Pacific” geo-economy, accelerate the integration of the economies of the Indian Ocean and the Pacific regions and resolve the “security dilemma” in geopolitics with geo-economy as a breakthrough. China can create and utilize opportunities for cooperation with the countries in this region and appropriately expand the maritime rights and strategic space to serve the construction of “Belt and Road”, especially the 21st Maritime Silk Road.

Keywords

“Indo-Pacific” Hegemonic threat Belt and Road Initiative Security order 

References

  1. American Department of Defense. 2012. Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense, 2.Google Scholar
  2. Brewster, David. 2016. The Ocean of India: The Truth of India Seeking Regional Leadership, translated by Youkang Du and Yue Mao, 2016 ed., 232. Social Science Literature Publishing House [Australia].Google Scholar
  3. Brzezinski, Zbigeon. 1998. The great chessboard: The United States’ preliminary position and its geo-strategy, translated by the China Institute of International Studies, 1998 ed., 4. Shanghai People’s Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  4. Cao, Yuyang. 2014. The Maritime Security Deployment and Impact of US “Indo-Pacific” Strategy. Modern International Relations 8: 27–35.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, Yali. 2012a. The “Rebalancing” Strategy of the United States: A Realistic Assessment and China’s Response. World Economics and Politics 11: 68–69.Google Scholar
  6. Chen, Tong. 2012b. Returning to Geographical Characteristics, Exploring the Essence of Sea Power. World Economy and Politics 2: 60–61.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, Bangyu. 2015. The Similarities and Differences of the Strategic Conception of the US-Australia-India and China’s Response. Socialist Studies 6: 147–154.Google Scholar
  8. Dehio, Ludwig. 2016. The Vulnerable Balance: The Power Struggle of Four Centuries in Europe, translated by Yinhong Shi, 2016 ed., 24, People’s Publishing House [German].Google Scholar
  9. Han, Zhaoying, and Zhaolong Huang. 2017. The Problem of Check and Balance: Rethinking the Absence of the United States Check and Balance after the Cold War. Pacific Journal 11: 1.Google Scholar
  10. Jiang, Peng, and Shujian Li. 2017. The Illusory Incompatibility and Imaginable Security Dilemma—The Mutual Assistance Construction of Hostile Identity in the Process of Power Transfer. International Safety 1: 55.Google Scholar
  11. Jin, Canrong. 2013. The United States Motivation Behind the Concept of “Indo-Pacific”. Xinhuanet, 11 Jan 2013, http://news.xinhuanet.com/globe/2013-01/11/c_132095969.htm.
  12. Jin, Canrong. 2017. The Concept of “Indo-Pacific” Is Like a Bubble, Gone with the Sun. Global Times, 22 Nov 2017.Google Scholar
  13. Kaplan, Robert D. 2013a. The Upcoming Geopolitical War, translated by Pu Han, 2013 ed. Guangdong People’s Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  14. Kaplan, Robert D. 2013b. Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of US Power, translated by Zhaoli Wu and Yue Mao, 2013 ed., 8. Beijing: Social Science Literature Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  15. Kissinger, Henry. 2009. The Global Strategy of the United States, translated by Liping Hu and Jianping Ling, 2009 ed., 9. Hainan Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  16. Kissinger, Henry. 2015. World Order, translated by Liping Hu et al., 2015 ed., 303–304 CITIC Publishing Group [United States].Google Scholar
  17. Li, Xiao, and Junjiu Li. 2015 The Belt and Road Initiative and the Reconstruction of China’s Geopolitical and Economic Strategies. World Economics and Politics 10: 53–54.Google Scholar
  18. Lin, Minwang. 2018a. The Construction of “Indian” and the Tension of Asian Geopolitics. Diplomatic Review 1: 16–35.Google Scholar
  19. Lin, Minwang. 2018b. The Construction of “Indo-Pacific” and the Tension of Asian Geopolitics. Diplomatic Review 1: 18.Google Scholar
  20. Liu, Siwei. 2017 Development and Reconstruction of the Indian Ocean Security Governance System. International Safety Research 5: 92.Google Scholar
  21. Lou, Chunhao. 2017. A New Posture Review of US-India Defense Cooperation. International Studies 1: 106.Google Scholar
  22. Ma, Jianying. 2015. Cognition and Response of the United States to the Belt and Road Initiative. World Economics and Politics 10: 104.Google Scholar
  23. Mansell, O. 2003. The Logic of Collective Action, translated by Yuqi Chen, 2003 ed., 2. Shanghai People’s Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  24. Mcdaniel, D. 2012. India, China and the United States in the Indo-Pacific Region: Coalition, Co-existence or Clash?, 2.Google Scholar
  25. Mearsheimer. 2015. The Tragedy of Power Politics, translated by Yiwei Wang and Xiaosong Tang, 2015 ed., 391. Shanghai People’s Publishing House.Google Scholar
  26. Medcalf, Rory. 2012. Unselfish Giants? Understanding China and India as Security Providers. Australian Journal of International Affairs 66 (1): 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Raja Mohan, C. 2013. SAMUDRA MANTHAN-Sino-Indian Rivary in the Indo-Pacific, 212. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Rong, Ying. 2017. A New Trend of Strategic Interaction between the Powers in Indo-Pacific Region from the “Malabar” Military Exercise. Peace and Development 5.Google Scholar
  29. Rumley, Dennis, Timothy Doyle, and Sanjay Chaturvedi. 2012. Securing the Indian Ocean? Competing Regional Security Constructions. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 8 (1): 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Song, Dexing. 2012. Strategic Realism—A Choice for China’s Grand Strategy. World Economy and Politics 9: 17.Google Scholar
  31. Taylor, Melissa Conley. 2014. Differences between Australia and India on the Understanding of “Indo-Pacific”. Indian Ocean Economies Research 1: 138.Google Scholar
  32. Waltz, Kennedy. 2008. International Political Theory, translated by Xinqiang, 2008 ed. Shanghai Century Publishing House [United States].Google Scholar
  33. Wang, Xiaowen. 2016a. The Impact of the US “Indo-Pacific” Strategy on the South China Sea Issue: Focusing on the “Indo-Pacific” Strategic Supporting Countries. Southeast Asian Studies 5.Google Scholar
  34. Wang, Jisi. 2016b. Strategy of Powers: Exploration and Reflection on International Strategy, 2016 ed. CITIC Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  35. Wei, Zongyou. 2013. Strategic Adjustment of the US in India and the Influence of Geostrategy. World Economics and Politics 10.Google Scholar
  36. Wu, Zhaoli. 2014. The Origin of Indo-Pacific and Multi-country Strategic Game. Journal of the Pacific 1: 29–40.Google Scholar
  37. Xia, Liping. 2015a. The US “Indo-Pacific” Strategy from the Perspective of Geopolitics and Geo-Economics. American Studies 2.Google Scholar
  38. Xia, Liping. 2015b. The US “Indo-Pacific Strategy” from the Dual Perspective of Geopolitics and Geo-Economics. American Studies 2: 50.Google Scholar
  39. Xiao, Yang. 2014. The Strategic Space Expansion of a “Medium Power”—Australian Security Reconstruction under the Vision of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy. Pacific Journal 1: 43.Google Scholar
  40. Xu, Juan. 2017. The US-India-Japan Maritime Security Cooperation in the Context of “Indo-Pacific” Strategy. South Asian Studies 2: 95–112.Google Scholar
  41. Yang, Siling. 2017. The India Ocean and the US-Japan Interaction for Ocean Security: An Offensive Realism Perspective. International Safety Research 5: 74.Google Scholar
  42. Zhang, Jianxin. 2012. The Post-Western International System and the Rise of the East. World Economics and Politics 5: 4.Google Scholar
  43. Zhang, Li. 2013. The Impact of the “Indo-Pacific” Conception on the Multilateral Landscape of the Asia-Pacific Region. South Asian Research Quarterly 4: 1–7.Google Scholar
  44. Zhang, Jiegen. 2015. The Analysis of Current US-India Security Cooperation and Prospect. Research on Indian Ocean Economies 1: 42.Google Scholar
  45. Zhao, Qinghai. 2013. The Concept of “Indo-Pacific” and Its Implications for China. Modern International Relations 7: 14–22.Google Scholar
  46. Zhao, Minghao. 2017. The United States “Indo-Pacific” Strategy: Old Wine in Old Bottles? Beijing News, 20 Nov 2017.Google Scholar
  47. Zhou, Zhe. 2013. A Probe into the Political Motivation of Economic Conflicts between Powers—Based on a Comparative Analysis of US-Japan, US-China Trade Friction. Political Economy Review.Google Scholar
  48. Zhu, Cuiping. 2013. Perceiving Threats, Constructing Threats and the US-India Ocean Strategy Extension. South Asian Studies 2.Google Scholar
  49. Zhu, Cuiping. 2014a. Strategic Competition and Multilateral Relations in the Indo-Pacific Region. In Indian Ocean Regional Development Report, 2014 ed. Social Science Literature Publishing House.Google Scholar
  50. Zhu, Cuiping. 2014b. The Security Situation in the Indian Ocean and the Dilemma of Cooperation between China and India. South Asian Studies 3: 1.Google Scholar
  51. Zhu, Qingxiu. 2016. Can Japan’s “Indo-Pacific” Strategy Succeed? Northeast Asia Forum 3: 103–113.Google Scholar
  52. Zhu, Cuiping. 2017. The South Asian Direction of the Belt and Road Initiative: Geopolitical Landscape, India’s Difficulties and Breakthrough Paths. South Asian Studies 2: 11.Google Scholar
  53. Zhu, Feng. 2018. The Contest Between the Powers of the South China Sea Under the Shadow of the “Indo-Pacific Strategy”, World Knowledge 1: 18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Social Sciences Academic Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cuiping Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Indian Ocean Economies (RIIO)Yunnan University of Finance and EconomicsKunmingChina

Personalised recommendations