Physical Examination of Head

  • Gang Chen
  • Rui Zeng


Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat (HEENT) exam is the initial portion of general physical examination, after the vital signs. A thoughtful examination, including inspection and palpation, could provide useful clues of systemic illness. In order to examine the special structures and sensory function of eyes, ears and nose, several instruments and techniques are usually required.

Suggested Readings and Websites

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  2. 2.
    Bickley LS. Bates’Guide to physical examination and history taking. tenth ed: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009. (Gang Chen)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gang Chen
    • 1
  • Rui Zeng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EndocrineFujian Medical UniversityFuzhou ShiChina
  2. 2.Department of CardiologySichuan UniversityChengduChina

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