• Ling Dong
  • Rui Zeng


Dyspepsia is a series of symptoms presenting primarily as epigastric pain or discomfort, including postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric burning, bloating, nausea, vomiting, belching and other upper gastrointestinal symptoms. These symptoms can originate from organic diseases, but most are functional in nature, which is defined as absence of an organic etiology. Dyspepsia is a common clinical symptom, incidence ranges from 20 to 50%. Approximately 1/3 patients reported interference with their normal daily activities and quality of life.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ling Dong
    • 1
  • Rui Zeng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of CardiologySichuan UniversityChengduChina

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