Advertisement

Bioremediation of Heavy Metals: A New Approach to Sustainable Agriculture

  • Gereraj Sen Gupta
  • Garima Yadav
  • Supriya Tiwari
Chapter

Abstract

With the advancement in agricultural practices, use of various chemicals for better yield is posing huge threat to the society. These chemical containing variable amounts of heavy metals are the key players that have become threat to plants and human beings. The discharge of various harmful environmental pollutants from different industrial sectors has created a challenge for environmentalists and scientists concerning the sustainable development of mankind. Particularly in plants, heavy metals are essential for its growth and development, but when the concentration of each heavy metal crosses, its threshold concentration becomes harmful for plants itself. These heavy metals possess specific density of more than 5 g/cm3 (Cr-7.2, Co-8.9, Ni-8.7, Cu-8.9, Zn-7.1, Mo-10.2, Cd-8.2 etc.). Various survey studies reveals intense exposure of heavy metals still continues in different parts of the world though its ill-effects are well documented. Some of the well-known heavy metals include arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, zinc, etc., all of which cause risks for the environment and human health. Considering heavy metals as potential threat to different life forms, it has become an important and interesting issue since last few decades. This chapter attempts to review different strategies for remediating heavy metal contamination with the plants and microorganisms. An attempt has also been made to review and promote the sustainable development with the involvement of phytoremediation and micro-remediation technologies.

Keywords

Phytoremediation Micro-remediation Heavy metals 

References

  1. Abatenh E, Gizaw B, Tsegaye Z (2017) Application of microorganisms in bioremediation-review. J Environ Microbiol 1(1):02–09Google Scholar
  2. Abdulsalam S, Adefila SS, Bugaje IM, Ibrahim S (2013) Bioremediation of soil contaminated with used motor oil in a closed system. Biorem Biodeg 3:100–172Google Scholar
  3. Abdul-Wahab S, Marikar F (2012) The environmental impact of gold mines: pollution by heavy metals. Open Eng 2:304–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Adebajo SO, Balogun SA, Akintokun AK (2017) Decolourization of vat dyes by bacterial isolates recovered from local textile mills in Southwest. Microbiol Res J Int 18:1–8Google Scholar
  5. Ahalya N, Ramachandra TV, Kanamadi RD (2003) Biosorption of heavy metals. Res J Chem Environ 7:71–79Google Scholar
  6. Ahluwalia SS, Goyal D (2007) Microbial and plant derived biomass for removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioresour Technol 98:2243–2257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. AI-Jawhari IFH (2014) Ability of some soil fungi in biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbon. J Appl Environ Microbiol 2:46–52Google Scholar
  8. Aksu Z (1998) Biosorption of heavy metals by microalgae in batch and continuous systems. In: Wong YS, Tam NFY (eds) Algae for waste water treatment. Springer, Germany, pp 37–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ali H, Khan E, Sajad MA (2013) Phytoremediation of heavy metals – concepts and applications. Chemosphere 91:869–881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Anjum NA, Ahmad I, Mohmood I, Pacheco M, Duarte AC, Pereira E, Umar S, Ahmad A, Khan NA, Iqbal M (2012) Modulation of glutathione and its related enzymes in plants’ responses to toxic metals and metalloids – a review. Environ Exp Bot 75:307–324Google Scholar
  11. Aranda E, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M (2010) Conversion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, methyl naphthalenes and dibenzofuran by two fungal peroxygenases. Biodegradation 21:267–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bahobil A, Bayoumi RA, Atta HM, El-Sehrawey MM (2017) Fungal biosorption for cadmium and mercury heavy metal ions isolated from some polluted localities in KSA. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 6(6):2138–2154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Banuelos GS, Cardon G, Mackey B, Ben-Asher J, Wu L, Beuselinck P, Akohoue S, Zambrzuski S (1993) Boron and selenium removal in boron-laden soils by four sprinkler irrigated plant species. J Environ Quality 22(4):786–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Barakat M (2011) New trends in removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Arab J Chem 4:361–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bissen M, Frimmel FH (2003) Arsenic – a review. Part I: Occurrence, toxicity, speciation, mobility. Acta Hydrochim Hydrobiol 31:9–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Blaby-Haas CE, Merchant SS (2012) The ins and outs of algal metal transport. Biochim Biophys Acta 1823:1531–1552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bragato C, Brix H, Malagoli M (2006) Accumulation of nutrients and heavy metals in Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel and Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla in a constructed wetland of the Venice lagoon watershed. Env Pollut 144(3):967–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Brune A, Urbach W, Dietz KJ (1994) Compartmentation and transport of Zn in barley primary leaves as basic mechanisms involved in Zn tolerance. Plant Cell Environ 17:153–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Burghal AA, Najwa MJA, Al-Tamimi WH (2016) Mycodegradation of crude oil by fungal species isolated from petroleum contaminated soil. Int J Innova Res Sci Eng Technol 5:1517–1524Google Scholar
  20. Cervantes C, Campos-García J, Devars S, Gutiérrez-Corona F, Loza-Tavera H, Torres-Guzmán JC, Moreno-Sánchez R (2001) Interactions of chromium with microorganisms and plants. FEMS Microbiol Rev 25:335–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chaney RL, Angle JS, Broadhurst CL, Peters CA, Tappero RV, Sparks DL (2007) Improved understanding of hyperaccumulation yields commercial phytoextraction and phytomining technologies. J Environ Qual 36:1429–1443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chaturvedi AD, Pal D, Penta S, Kumar A (2015) Ecotoxic heavy metals transformation by bacteria and fungi in aquatic ecosystem. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 31:1595–1603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Chen C, Wang JL (2007) Characteristics of Zn2+ biosorption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biomed Environ Sci 20:478–482Google Scholar
  24. Chibuike GU, Obiora SC (2014) Heavy metal polluted soils: effect on plants and bioremediation methods. Appl Env Soil Sci 2014Google Scholar
  25. Chojnacka K, Chojnacki A, Górecka H (2005) Biosorption of Cr3+, Cd2+ andCu2+ ions by blue-green algae Spirulina sp.: kinetics, equilibrium and the mechanism of the process. Chemosphere 59:75–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Christensen-Kirsh KM (1996) Phytoremediation and wastewater effluent disposal: guidelines for landscape planners and designers. Unpublished master’s project. Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Oregon, Eugene, p 238Google Scholar
  27. Cossich ES, Tavares CRG, Ravagnani TMK (2002) Biosorption of chromium(III) by Sargassum sp. biomass. E J Biotechnol 5:133–140Google Scholar
  28. Das A, Mishra S, Verma VK (2015) Enhanced biodecolorization of textile dye remazol navy blue using an isolated bacterial strain Bacillus pumilus HKG212 under improved culture conditions. J Biochem Technol 6:962–969Google Scholar
  29. de Bashan LE, Bashan Y (2010) Immobilized microalgae for removing pollutants: review of practical aspects. Bioresour Technol 101:1611–1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Debusk TA, Laughlin RB Jr, Schwartz LN (1996) Retention and compartmentalization of lead and cadmium in wetland microcosms. Water Res 30(11):2707–2716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dell Anno A, Beolchini F, Rocchetti L, Luna GM, Danovaro R (2012) High bacterial biodiversity increases degradation performance of hydrocarbons during bioremediation of contaminated harbor marine sediments. Environ Pollut 167:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Demnerova K, Mackova M, Spevakova V, Beranova K, Kochankova L (2005) Two approaches to biological decontamination of groundwater and soil polluted by aromatics characterization of microbial populations. Int Microbiol 8:205–211Google Scholar
  33. Dermont G, Bergeron M, Mercier G, Laflèche MR (2008) Metal-contaminated soils: remediation practices and treatment technologies. Pract Period Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste Manage 12:188–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Dixit R, Malaviya D, Pandiyan K, Singh UB, Sahu A, Shukla R, Singh BP, Rai JP, Sharma PK, Lade H (2015) Bioremediation of heavy metals from soil and aquatic environment: an overview of principles and criteria of fundamental processes. Sustain For 7:2189–2212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Doshi H, Ray A, Kothari IL, Gami B (2006) Spectroscopic and scanning electron microscopy studies of bioaccumulation of pollutants by algae. Curr Microbiol 53:148–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Doshi H, Seth C, Ray A, Kothari IL (2008) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by green algae. Curr Microbiol 56:246–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. El-Borai AM, Eltayeb KM, Mostafa AR et al (2016) Biodegradation of industrial oil-polluted wastewater in Egypt by bacterial consortium immobilized in different types of carriers. Pol J Environ Stud 25(5):1901–1909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. El Fantroussi S, Agathos SN (2005) Is bioaugmentation a feasible strategy for pollutant removal and site remediation? Curr Opin Microbiol 8:268–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. EPA (2000) A citizen’s guide to phytoremediation. EPA 542-F-98-011. United States Environmental Protection Agency 6Google Scholar
  40. Erika AW, Vivian B, Claudia C, Jorge FG (2013) Biodegradation of phenol in static cultures by Penicillium chrysogenum erk1: catalytic abilities and residual phytotoxicity. Rev Argent Mcrobiol 44:113–121Google Scholar
  41. Etim EE (2012) Phytoremediation and its mechanism: a review. Int J Environ Bioener 2:120–136Google Scholar
  42. Evangelou MW, Ebel M, Schaeffer A (2007) Chelate assisted phytoextraction of heavy metals from soil. Effect, mechanism, toxicity, and fate of chelating agents. Chemosphere 68:989–1003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Fashola M, Ngole-Jeme V, Babalola OO (2016) Heavy metal pollution from gold mines: environmental effects and bacterial strategies for resistance. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:1047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ferreira LS, Rodrigues MS, Carlos MDCJ, Alessandra L, Elisabetta F, Patrizia P, Attilio C (2011) Adsorption of Ni2þ, Zn2þand Pb2þonto dry biomass of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis and Chlorella vulgaris. I. Single metal systems. Chem Eng J 173:326–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Flora SJS, Mittal M, Mehta A (2008) Heavy metal induced oxidative stress & its possible reversal by chelation therapy. Indian J Med Res 128(4):501Google Scholar
  46. Fritioff Å, Greger M (2006) Uptake and distribution of Zn, cu, cd, and Pb in an aquatic plant Potamogeton natans. Chemosphere 63(2):220–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. García G, Faz Á, Conesa HM (2003) Selection of autochthonous plant species from SE Spain for soil lead phytoremediation purposes. Water Air Soil Pollut Focus 3(3):243–250Google Scholar
  48. Gaur N, Flora G, Yadav M, Tiwari A (2014) A review with recent advancements on bioremediation-based abolition of heavy metals. Environ Sci Process Impacts 16:180–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Ginneken LV, Meers E, Guisson R (2007) Phytoremediation for heavy metal-contaminated soils combined with bioenergy production. J Environ Eng Landsc Manag 15:227–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Gisbert C, Ros R, De Haro A, Walker DJ, Pilar Bernal M, Serrano R, Navarro-Aviñó J (2003) A plant genetically modified that accumulates Pb is especially promising for phytoremediation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 303:440–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gray NF (1999) Water technology. Wiley, New York, pp 473–474Google Scholar
  52. Guerinot ML (2000) The ZIP family of metal transporters. Biochim Biophys Acta 1465:190–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Gumpu MB, Sethuraman S, Krishnan UM, Rayappan JBB (2015) A review on detection of heavy metal ions in water – an electrochemical approach. Sensors Actuators B Chem 213:515–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Gupta D, Huang H, Yang X, Razafindrabe B, Inouhe M (2010) The detoxification of lead in Sedum alfredii H. is not related to phytochelatins but the glutathione. J Hazard Mater 177:437–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Hadad HR, Maine MA, Bonetto CA (2006) Macrophyte growth in a pilot-scale constructed wetland for industrial wastewater treatment. Chemosphere 63(10):1744–1753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hassan MM, Alam MZ, Anwar MN (2013) Biodegradation of textile azo dyes by bacteria isolated from dyeing industry effluent. Int Res J Biol Sci 2:27–31Google Scholar
  57. Hesham A, Khan S, Tao Y, Li D, Zhang Y et al (2012) Biodegradation of high molecular weight PAHs using isolated yeast mixtures: application of metagenomic methods for community structure analyses. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 19:3568–3578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Hidayat A, Tachibana S (2012) Biodegradation of aliphatic hydrocarbon in three types of crude oil by Fusarium sp. F092 under stress with artificial sea water. J Environ Sci Technol 5:64–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Infante JC, De Arco RD, Angulo ME (2014) Removal of lead, mercury and nickel using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Revista MVZ Córdoba 19:4141–4149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Institute for Environmental research and Education (IERE) (2003) Vashon heavy metal phytoremediation study sampling and analysis strategy (DRAFT) WA 98070-2449Google Scholar
  61. Inthorn D, Sidtitoon N, Silapanuntakul S, Incharoensakdi A (2002) Sorption of mercury, cadmium and lead by microalgae. Sci Asia 28:253–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Jasin A, Rózalska S, Bernat P, Paraszkiewicz K, Długon J (2012) Malachite green decolorization by non-basidiomycete filamentous fungi of Penicillium pinophilum and Myrothecium roridum. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 73:33–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Jasin A, Bernat P, Paraszkiewicz K (2013) Malachite green removal from aqueous solution using the system rapeseed press cake and fungus Myrothecium roridum. Desalin. Desalin Water Treat 51:7663–7671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Jasin A, Paraszkiewicz K, Sip A, Długon J (2015) Malachite green decolorization by the filamentous fungus Myrothecium roridum – mechanistic study and process optimization. Bioresour Technol 194:43–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Karigar CS, Rao SS (2011) Role of microbial enzymes in the bioremediation of pollutants: a review. Enzyme Res:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kehinde FO, Isaac SA (2016) Effectiveness of augmented consortia of Bacillus coagulans, Citrobacter koseri and Serratia ficaria in the degradation of diesel polluted soil supplemented with pig dung. Afr J Microbiol Res 10:1637–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Khan MA, Rao RAK, Ajmal M (2008) Heavy metal pollution and its control through nonconventional adsorbents: a review. J Int Environ Appl Sci 3:101–141Google Scholar
  68. Kramer U, Pickering IJ, Prince RC, Raskin I, Salt DE (2000) Subcellular localization and speciation of Ni in hyperaccumulator and nonaccumulator Thlaspi species. Plant Physiol 122:1343–1353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Kumar JIN, Oommen C (2012) Removal of heavy metals by biosorption using freshwater alga Spirogyra hyaline. J Environ Biol 33:27–31Google Scholar
  70. Kumar A, Bisht BS, Joshi VD, Dhewa T (2011) Review on bioremediation of polluted environment: a management tool. Int J Environ Sci 1:1079–1093Google Scholar
  71. Kumar KS, Dahms HU, Won E, Lee JS, Shin KH (2015) Microalgae – a promising tool for heavy metal remediation. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 113:329–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Kumar S, Chaurasia P, Kumar A (2016) Isolation and characterization of microbial strains from textile industry effluents of Bhilwara, India: analysis with bioremediation. J Chem Pharm Res 8:143–150Google Scholar
  73. Kumari V, Yadav A, Haq I, Kumar S, Bharagava RN, Singh SK, Raj A (2016) Genotoxicity evaluation of tannery effluent treated with newly isolated hexavalent chromium reducing Bacillus cereus. J Environ Manag 183:204–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lenntech W (2004) Water treatment and air purification. Lenntech, RotterdamsewegGoogle Scholar
  75. Lesage E, Rousseau DPL, Meers E, Tack FMG, De Pauw N (2007) Accumulationof metals in a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland treating domestic wastewater in Flanders, Belgium. Sci Total Environ 380:102–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Leung H, Ye Z, Wong M (2007) Survival strategies of plants associated with arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi on toxic mine tailings. Chemosphere 66:905–915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lin C, Gan L, Chen ZL (2010) Biodegradation of naphthalene by strain Bacillus fusiformis (BFN). J Hazard Mater 182:771–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Liu SH, Zeng GM, Niu QY, Liu Y, Zhou L, Jiang LH, Tan XF, Xu P, Zhang C, Cheng M (2017) Bioremediation mechanisms of combined pollution of PAHs and heavy metals by bacteria and fungi: a mini review. Bioresour Technol 224:25–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Lothenbach B, Krebs R, Furrer G, Gupta S, Schulin R (1998) Immobilization of cadmium and zinc in soil by Al-montmorillonite and gravel sludge. Eur J Soil Sci 49:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lytle CM, Lytle FW, Yang N, Qian JH, Hansen D, Zayed A, Terry N (1998) Reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) by wetland plants: potential for in situ heavy metal detoxifi cation. Environ Sci Technol 32:3087–3093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Macfie SM, Welbourn PM (2000) The cell wall as a barrier to uptake of metal ions in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyceae). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 39:413–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Maestri E, Marmiroli M, Visioli G, Marmiroli N (2010) Metal tolerance and hyperaccumulation: costs and trade-offs between trade and environment. Environ Exp Bot 68:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Maliji D, Olama Z, Holail H (2013) Environmental studies on the microbial degradation of oil hydrocarbons and its application in Lebanese oil polluted coastal and marine ecosystem. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 2:1–18Google Scholar
  84. Mallick N (2002) Biotechnological potential of immobilized algae for wastewater N, P and metal removal: a review. Biometals 15:377–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Mani D, Kumar C (2014) Biotechnological advances in bioremediation of heavy metals contaminated ecosystems: an overview with special reference to phytoremediation. Int J Environ Sci Technol 11:843–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Manios T, Stentiford EI, Millner PA (2003) The effect of heavy metals accumulation on the chlorophyll concentration of Typha latifolia plants, growing in a substrate containing sewage sludge compost and watered with metaliferus water. Ecol Eng 20(1):65–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Marques AP, Rangel AO, Castro PM (2009) Remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils: phytoremediation as a potentially promising clean-up technology. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 39:622–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. McCutcheon SC, Schnoor JL (eds) (2003) Phytoremediation. Transformation and control of contaminants. Wiley-Interscience, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  89. Meers E, Ruttens A, Hopgood M, Samson D, Tack F (2005) Comparison of EDTA and EDDS as potential soil amendments for enhanced phytoextraction of heavy metals. Chemosphere 58:1011–1022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Meharg AA (2003) Variation in arsenic accumulation–hyperaccumulation in ferns and their allies: rapid report. New Phytol 157(1):25–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Memon AR, Schroder P (2009) Implications of metal accumulation mechanisms to phytoremediation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 16:162–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Mendez MO, Maier RM (2008) Phytostabilization of mine tailings in arid and semiarid environments—an emerging remediation technology. Environ Health Perspect 116:278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Miranda J, Krishnakumar G, D’Silva A (2012) Removal of Pb2þfrom aqueous system by live Oscillatoria laete-virens (Crouan and Crouan) Gomont isolated from industrial effluents. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:3053–3065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Mirlahiji SG, Eisazadeh K (2014) Bioremediation of Uranium by Geobacter spp. J Res Dev 1:52–58Google Scholar
  95. Mishra S, Tripathi R, Srivastava S, Dwivedi S, Trivedi PK, Dhankher O, Khare A (2009) Thiol metabolism play significant role during cadmium detoxification by Ceratophyllum demersum L. Bioresour Technol 100:2155–2161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Mojiri A (2012) Phytoremediation of heavy metals from municipal wastewater by Typha domingensis. Afr J Microbiol Res 6:643–647Google Scholar
  97. Monteiro CM, Castro PML, Malcata FX (2009) Use of the microalga Scenedesmus obliquus to remove cadmium cations from aqueous solutions. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25:1573–1578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Monteiro CM, Castro PML, Malcata FX (2012) Metal uptake by microalgae: underlying mechanisms and practical applications. Biotechnol Prog 28:299–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Mupa M (2013) Lead content of lichens in metropolitan Harare, Zimbabwe: air quality and health risk implications. Greener J Environ Manag Publ Saf 2:75–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Mwegoha WJS (2008) The use of phytoremediation technology for abatement soil and groundwater pollution in Tanzania: opportunities and challenges. J Sust Dev Africa 10:140–156Google Scholar
  101. Nagajyoti PC, Lee KD, Sreekanth TVM (2010) Heavy metals, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review. Environ Chem Lett 8:199–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Newman LA, Reynolds CM (2004) Phytodegradation of organic compounds. Curr Opin Biotechnol 15:225–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Nourbakhsh M, Sag Y, Ozer D, Aksu Z, Çaglar A (1994) A comparative study of various biosorbents for removal of chromium (VI) ions from industrial wastewater. Process Biochem 29:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Oboh I, Aluyor E, Audu T (2009) Biosorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using a biomaterial. Leonardo J Sci 14:58–65Google Scholar
  105. Oh K, Li T, Cheng H, Hu X, Lin Q, Xie Y (2013a) A primary study on assessment of phytoremediation potential of biofuel crops in heavy metal contaminated soil. Appl Mecha Mat 295–298Google Scholar
  106. Oh K, Li T, Cheng HY, Xie Y, Yonemochi S (2013b) Development of profitable phytoremediation of contaminated soils with biofuel crops. J Environ Prot 4:58–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Oh K, Cao T, Li T, Cheng H (2014) Study on application of phytoremediation technology in management and remediation of contaminated soils. J Clean Energy Technol Vol 2:3Google Scholar
  108. Olaniran AO, Balgobind A, Pillay B (2013) Bioavailability of heavy metals in soil: impact on microbial biodegradation of organic compounds and possible improvement strategies. Int J Mol Sci 14:10197–10228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Paranthaman SR, Karthikeyan B (2015) Bioremediation of heavy metal in paper mill effluent using Pseudomonas spp. Int J Microbiol 1:1–5Google Scholar
  110. Pedro P, Francisco JE, Joao F, Ana L (2014) DNA damage induced by hydroquinone can be prevented by fungal detoxification. Toxicol Rep 1:1096–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Peña-Montenegro TD, Lozano L, Dussán J (2015) Genome sequence and description of the mosquitocidal and heavy metal tolerant strain Lysinibacillus sphaericus CBAM5. Stand Genomic Sic 10:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Peng K, Li X, Luo C, Shen Z (2006) Vegetation composition and heavy metal uptake by wild plants at three contaminated sites in Xiangxi area. China J Environ Sci Health 41:65–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Perales-Vela HV, Peña-Castro JM, Cañizares-Villanueva RO (2006) Heavy metal detoxification in eukaryotic microalgae. Chemosphere 64:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Persans MW, Yan X, Patnoe J-MML, Kramer U, Salt DE (1999) Molecular dissection of the role of histidine in Ni hyperaccumulation in Thlaspi goesingense (Halacsy). Plant Physiol 121:1117–1126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Phulpoto H, Qazi MA, Mangi S, Ahmed S, Kanhar NA (2016) Biodegradation of oil-based paint by Bacillus species monocultures isolated from the paint warehouses. Int J Environ Sci Technol 13:125–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Pichhode M, Nikhil K (2015) Effect of copper dust on photosynthesis pigments concentration in plants species. Int J Eng Res Manage (IJERM) 2(2):63–66Google Scholar
  117. Pickering IJ, Prince RC, George MJ, Smith RD, George GN, Salt DE (2000) Reduction and coordination of arsenic in Indian mustard. Plant Physiol 122:1171–1177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Prasad MNV, De Oliveira Freitas HM (2003) Metal hyperaccumulation in plants—biodiversity prospecting for phytoremediation technology. E J Biotechnol 3:110–146Google Scholar
  119. Priyadarshani I, Sahu D, Rath B (2011) Microalgal bioremediation: current practices and perspectives. J Biochem Technol 3:299–304Google Scholar
  120. Priyalaxmi R, Murugan A, Raja P, Raj KD (2014) Bioremediation of cadmium by Bacillus safensis (JX126862), a marine bacterium isolated from mangrove sediments. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 3:326–335Google Scholar
  121. Qian JH, Zayed A, Zhu YL, Yu M, Terry N (1999) Phytoaccumulation of trace elementsby wetland plants. III. Uptake and accumulation of ten trace elements by twelve plant species. J Environ Qual 28:1448–1455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Rai PK, Sharma AP, Tripathi BD (2007) Urban environment status in Singrauli industrial region and its eco-sustainable management: a case study on heavy metal pollution. In: Urban Planing and Environment, Strategies and Challenges 213:217Google Scholar
  123. Rakhshaee R, Giahi M, Pourahmad A (2009) Studying effect of cell wall’s carboxyl-carboxylate ratio change of Lemna minor to remove heavy metals from aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 163:165–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Rascio N, Navari-Izzo F (2011) Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: how and why do they do it? And what makes them so interesting. Plant Sci 180:169–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Ribeiro RFL, Magalhaes S, Barbosa FAR, Nascentes CC, Campos LC, Moraes DC (2010) Evaluation of the potential of microalgae Microcystis novacekii in the removal of Pb2þfrom an aqueous medium. J Hazard Mater 179:947–953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Rich G, Cherry K (1987) Hazardous waste treatment technologies. Pudvan Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  127. Rodriguez L, Lopez-Bellido FJ, Carnicer A, Recreo F, Tallos A, Monteagudo JM (2005) Mercury recovery from soils by phytoremediation. In: Book of environmental chemistry. Springer, Berlin, pp 197–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Robinson B, Green S, Mills T, Clothier B, van der Velde M, Laplane R, Fung L, Deurer M, Hurst S, Thayalakumaran T, van den Dijssel C (2003) Phytoremediation: using plants as biopumps to improve degraded environments. Soil Res 41(3):599–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Robinson BH, Mills TM, Petit D, Fung LE, Green SR, Clothier BE (2000) Natural and induced cadmium-accumulation in poplar and willow: implications for phytoremediation. Plant Soil 227(1–2):301–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Romera E, Gonzalez F, Ballester A, Blázquez ML, Muñoz JA (2006) Biosorption with algae: a statistical review. Crit Rev Biotechnol 26:223–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Rugh CL, Wilde HD, Stack NM, Thompson DM, Summers AO, Meagher RB (1996) Mercuric ion reduction and resistance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana plants expressing a modified bacterial merA gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci 93:3182–3187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Sabir M, Waraich EA, Hakeem KR, Öztürk M, Ahmad HR, Shahid M (2014) Phytoremediation: mechanisms and adaptations. Soil remediation and plants: prospects and challenges, vol 85, pp 85–105Google Scholar
  133. Safiyanu I, Isah AA, Abubakar US, Rita Singh M (2015) Review on comparative study on bioremediation for oil spills using microbes. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci 6:783–790Google Scholar
  134. Saifullah ME, Qadir M, de Caritat P, Tack FMG, du Laing G, Zia MH (2009) EDTA-assisted Pb phytoextraction. Chemosphere 74:279–1291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Salem HM, Eweida EA, Farag A (2000) Heavy metals in drinking water & their environment impact on humanhealth. In: Proceedings of the International Conference for Environmental Hazards Mitigation ICEHM 2000 Egypt 542–556Google Scholar
  136. Sani I, Safiyanu I, Rita SM (2015) Review on bioremediation of oil spills using microbial approach. IJESR 3:41–45Google Scholar
  137. Sarang B, Richa K, Ram C (2013) Comparative study of bioremediation of hydrocarbon fuel. Int J Biotechnol Bioeng Res 4:677–686Google Scholar
  138. Sbihi K, Cherifi O, El gharmali A, Oudra B, Aziz F (2012) Accumulation and toxicological effects ofcadmium, copper and zinc on the growth and photosynthesis of the freshwater diatom Planothidiumlanceolatum (Brébisson) Lange-Bertalot: a laboratory study. J Mater Environ Sci 3(3):497–506Google Scholar
  139. Shanab S, Essa A, Shalaby E (2012) Bioremoval capacity of three heavy metals by some microalgae species (Egyptian isolates). Plant Signal Behav 7:392–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Shedbalkar U, Jadhav J (2011) Detoxification of malachite green and textile industrial effluent by Penicillium ochrochloron. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 16:196–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Sheng PX, Ting YP, Chen JP, Hong L (2004) Sorption of lead, copper, cadmium, zinc, and nickel by marine algal biomass: characterization of biosorptive capacity and investigation of mechanisms. J Colloid Interface Sci 275:131–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Shi H, Hudson LG, Liu KJ (2004) Oxidative stress and apoptosis in metal ion-induced carcinogenesis. Free Rad Biol Medi 37(5):582–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Shu W, Xia H, Zhang Z, Lan C, Wong M (2002) Use of vetiver and three other grasses for revegetation of Pb/Zn mine tailings: field experiment. Int J Phytoremediation 4:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Siddiquee S, Rovina K, Azad S, Naher L, Suryani S (2015) Heavy metal contaminants removal from wastewater using the potential filamentous fungi biomass: a review. J Microb Biochem Technol 7:384–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Singh A, Mehta SK, Gaur JP (2007) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by common freshwater filamentous algae. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 23:1115–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Singh A, Kumar V, Srivastava JN (2013) Assessment of bioremediation of oil and phenol contents in refinery waste water via bacterial consortium. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 4:1–4Google Scholar
  147. Sinha SN, Biswas K (2014) Bioremediation of lead from river water through lead-resistant purple-nonsulfur bacteria. Global J Microbiol Biotechnol 2:11–18Google Scholar
  148. Sinha SN, Paul D (2014) Heavy metal tolerance and accumulation by bacterial strains isolated from waste water. J Chem Biol Phys Sci 4:812–817Google Scholar
  149. Sinha SN, Biswas M, Paul D, Rahaman S (2011) Biodegradation potential of bacterial isolates from tannery effluent with special reference to hexavalent chromium. Biotechnol Bioinformatics Bioeng 1:381–386. https://goo.gl/Hwz87LGoogle Scholar
  150. Soleimani N, Fazli MM, Mehrasbi M, Darabian S, Mohammadi J (2015) Highly cadmium tolerant fungi: their tolerance and removal potential. J Environ Health Sci Eng 13:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Strong PJ, Burgess JE (2008) Treatment methods for wine-related ad distillery wastewaters: a review. Biorem J 12:70–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Sukumar S, Nirmala P (2016) Screening of diesel oil degrading bacteria from petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil. Int J Adv Res Biol Sci 3:18–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Sun Q, Ye ZH, Wang XR, Wong MH (2007) Cadmium hyperaccumulation leads to an increase of glutathione rather than phytochelatins in the cadmium hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii. J Plant Physiol 164:1489–1498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Tak HI, Ahmad F, Babalola OO (2013) Advances in the application of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteriain phytoremediation of heavy metals. In: Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology. Springer, New York, pp 33–52Google Scholar
  155. Talke I, Hanikenne M, Krämer U (2006) Zn dependent global transcriptional control, transcriptional de-regulation and higher gene copy number for genes in metal homeostasis of the hyperaccumulator Arabidopsis halleri. Plant Physiol 142:148–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Talos K, Pager C, Tonk S, Majdik C, Kocsis B (2009) Cadmium biosorption on native Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells in aqueous suspension. Acta Univ Sapientiae Agric Environ 1:20–30Google Scholar
  157. Tang CY, Criddle CS, Leckie JO (2007) Effect of flux (trans membrane pressure) and membranes properties on fouling and rejection of reverse osmosis and nano filtration membranes treating perfluorooctane sulfonate containing waste water. Environ Sci Technol 41:2008–2014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Tangahu BV, Abdullah SRS, Basri H, Idris M, Anuar N, Mukhlisin M (2011) A review on heavy metals (as, Pb, and hg) uptake by plants through phytoremediation. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. International Journal of Chemical Eng, p 31Google Scholar
  159. Terry N, Zayed AM, de Souza MP, Tarun AS (2000) Seleniumin higher plants. Ann Rev Plant Physiol Plant Molec Biol 51:401–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Tien CJ, Sigee DC, White KN (2005) Copper adsorption kinetics of cultured algal cells and freshwater phytoplankton with emphasis on cell surface characteristics. J Appl Phycol 17:379–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Trap S, Kohler A, Larsen LC, Zambrano KC, Karlson U (2005) Phytotoxicity of fresh and weathered diesel and gasoline to willow and poplar trees. J Soils Sediments 1:71–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Trivedi S, Ansari AA (2015) Molecular mechanisms in the phytoremediation of heavy metals from coastal waters. In: Phytoremediation. Springer, Cham, pp 219–231Google Scholar
  163. Trivedi S, Ueki T, Yamaguchi N (2003) Novel vanadium-binding proteins (vanabins) identified in cDNA libraries and the genome of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Biochem Biophys Acta 1630:64–70Google Scholar
  164. Tüzün İ, Bayramoğlu G, Yalçın E, Başaran G, Çelik G, Arıca MY (2005) Equilibrium and kinetic studies on biosorption of Hg(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions onto microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. J Environ Manag 77:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (2000). Introduction to phytoremediation. National Risk Management Research Laboratory, EPA/600/R-99/107Google Scholar
  166. United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) (2000) Introduction to phytoremediation, EPA 600/R-99/107. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  167. Upadhyay AK, Singh NK, Singh R, Rai UN (2016) Amelioration of arsenic toxicity in rice: comparative effect of inoculation of Chlorella vulgaris and Nannochloropsis sp. on growth, biochemical changes and arsenic uptake. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 124:68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Upadhyay AK, Singh R, Singh DP (2019) Phycotechnological approaches toward wastewater management. In: Emerging and eco-friendly approaches for waste management. Springer, Singapore, pp 423–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Uwah EI, Ndahi NP, Abdulrahman FI Ogugbuaja VO (2011) Heavy metal levels in spinach (Amaranthus caudatus) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown in Maiduguri, Nigeria. J Environ Chem Eco 3(10):264–271Google Scholar
  170. Verma JP, Jaiswal DK (2016) Book review: advances in biodegradation and bioremediation of industrial waste. Front Microbiol 6:1555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Vymazal J (2007) Removal of nutrients in various types of constructed wetlands. Sci Total Environ 380(1–3):48–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Wahab Al-Baldawi IA, Abdullah SRS, Suja F, Anuar N, Idris M (2015) Phytoremediation of contaminated ground water using Typha angustifolia. Water Practice Technol 10(3):616–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Wang XJ, Li FY, Okazaki M, Sugisaki M (2003) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil. Annual report CESS 114–123Google Scholar
  174. Wang J, Feng X, Anderson CW, Xing Y, Shang L (2012) Remediation of mercury contaminated sites – a review. J Hazard Mater 221:1–18Google Scholar
  175. Williams LE, Pittman JK, Hall JL (2000) Emerging mechanisms for heavy metal transport in plants. Biochim Biophys Acta 1465:104–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Wong MH (2003) Ecological restoration of mine degraded soils, with emphasis on metal contaminated soils. Chemosphere 50:775–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Wu YH, Zhou P, Cheng H, Wang CS, Wu M (2015) Draft genome sequence of Microbacterium profundi Shh49T, an Actinobacterium isolated from deep-sea sediment of a polymetallic nodule environment. Genome Announc 3:1–2Google Scholar
  178. Wuana RA, Okieimen FE (2011) Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. ISRN Ecol 2011:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Yadav M, Singh S, Sharma J, Deo Singh K (2011) Oxidation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in systems containing water miscible organic solvents by the lignin peroxidase of Gleophyllum striatum MTCC-1117. Environ Technol 32:1287–1294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Yadav A, Raj A, Bharagava RN (2016) Detection and characterization of a multi-drug and multi-metal resistant Enterobacterium Pantoea sp. from tannery wastewater after secondary treatment process. Int J Environ Bot 1(2):37–42Google Scholar
  181. Yadav A, Chowdhary P, Kaithwas G, Bharagava RN (2017) Toxic metals in environment, threats on ecosystem and bioremediation approaches. In: Das S, Singh HR (eds) Handbook of metal-microbe interactions and bioremediation. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, pp 128–141. ISBN:9781498762427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Yan J, Niu J, Chen D, Chen Y, Irbis C (2014) Screening of Trametes strains for efficient decolorization of malachite green at high temperatures and ionic concentrations. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 87:109–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Yang X, Feng Y, He Z, Stoffella PJ (2005) Molecular mechanisms of heavy metal hyperaccumulation and phytoremediation. J Trace Elem Med Biol 18:339–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Yogesh P, Akshaya G (2016) Evaluation of bioremediation potential of isolated bacterial culture YPAG-9 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) for decolorization of sulfonated di-azo dye Reactive Red HE8B under optimized culture conditions. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 5:258–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Zhang Z, Shu W, Lan C, Wong M (2001) Soil seed bank as an input of seed source in revegetation of lead/zinc mine tailings. Restor Ecol 9:378–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Zou T, Li T, Zhang X, Yu H, Luo H (2011) Lead accumulation and tolerance characteristics of Athyrium wardii (hook.) as a potential phytostabilizer. J Haz Mat 186(1):683–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gereraj Sen Gupta
    • 1
  • Garima Yadav
    • 1
  • Supriya Tiwari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Institute of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations