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Chemistry of Red Sanders

  • T. Pullaiah
  • V. Damodara Reddy
  • Umalatha
  • B. S. Rashmi
Chapter

Abstract

Plants are commendable source of metabolites with therapeutic properties from time immemorial. Pterocarpus santalinus, an endemic Indian plant, is having an array of phytochemicals with a plethora of applications in medicine and industries. Phytochemical investigations and bioprospecting of leaf, stem, bark, and heartwood of P. santalinus, by employing various extraction methods, revealed the presence of different groups of metabolites like triterpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, saponins, glycosides, sterols, tannins, and more specific metabolites like pterocarpol; pterocarptriol; santalins A, B, and Y; isopterocarpalone; pterocarpodiolones; β-eudesmol; and cryptomeridiol of high medicinal value with significant applications in pharma, cosmetics, liquor, and textile industries. Here different classes of metabolites found in various parts of Pterocarpus santalinus are discussed, and a comprehensive review is presented.

Keywords

Phytochemicals Santalin Pterocarpol Flavonoids Glycosides Phenols 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Pullaiah
    • 1
  • V. Damodara Reddy
    • 2
  • Umalatha
    • 3
  • B. S. Rashmi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BotanySri Krishnadevaraya UniversityAnantapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistrySri Krishnadevaraya UniversityAnantapurIndia
  3. 3.Padmashree Institute of Management and SciencesBangaloreIndia

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