Pests and Diseases of Pterocarpus santalinus

  • Umalatha
  • M. Anuradha


The host of benefits forests provide are indispensable, and the flora and fauna of the forests are vulnerable to multiple threats. Apart from some abiotic factors such as fire, wind, storms, and climate change, there are many biotic factors like insects and diseases, which can have a devastating impact on the forest landscape. Man-made forests in general and particularly trees are susceptible to pests and diseases. Red sanders, a species with high timber value, is also affected; however the information on disease and pests is scanty. The tree is introduced in many geographical locations, and plantations are successfully maintained in various climatic zones. For sustainable utilization and to meet the global demand, the red sanders cultivation needs to be encouraged. For achieving healthy and resilient plantations, it is imperative to have a pest and disease management in place. In this chapter infections and infestations reported in red sanders are reviewed.


Red sanders Fungal infestation Nematode infestation Termite infestation Heart wood borer 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umalatha
    • 1
  • M. Anuradha
    • 2
  1. 1.Padmashree Institute of Management and SciencesBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyPadmashree Institute of Management and SciencesBangaloreIndia

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