Advertisement

Are FRPs the Way Forward for the Blast Retrofitting of Reinforced Concrete Structures?

  • Aashish Kumar JhaEmail author
  • Abhiroop Goswami
  • Satadru Das Adhikary
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 38)

Abstract

The surge in the occurrence of intentional and accidental blast events around the world has highlighted the susceptibility of the infrastructure to this type of extreme loading. For new construction, blast-resistant design philosophy or guidelines can be incorporated during the initial stages of conception. However, for the existing structures, retrofitting schemes need to be devised to augment the blast resistance of the structures. The retrofitting schemes particularly employing the use of fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) as compared to the others are very popular due to their on-field ease of application. This study explores the effectiveness and feasibility of the application of FRPs in this domain. The study further seeks to comprehensively address the realms of the current knowledge state in this field, and moreover to direct further attention of the global research community to address the shortcomings in this field.

Keywords

Blast loading Blast retrofit Fiber-reinforced polymer CFRP GFRP 

References

  1. 1.
    ASCE (1996) The Oklahoma City Bombing: improving building performance through multi-hazard mitigation, FEMA 277, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Renton, VA, American Society of Civil EngineersGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ngo T, Mendis P, Gupta A, Ramsay J (2007) Blast loading and blast effect on structures—an overview. EJSE Special Issue: Loading on Structures, pp 76–91Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Starossek U, Wolff M (2005) Design of collapse-resistant structures. In: JCSS and IABSE workshop on robustness of structuresGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Obaidat Y, Heyden S, Dahlblom O, Abu-Farsakh G, Abdel-Jawad Y (2011) Retrofitting of reinforced concrete beams using composite laminates. Constr Build Mater 25:591–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ross CA, Purcell MR, Jerome EL (1997) Blast response of concrete beams and slabs externally reinforced with fibre reinforced plastics (FRP). In: Proceedings of the structure congress XV—building to last, Portland, USA, pp 673–677Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crawford JE, Malvar LJ, Morrill KB, Ferritto JM (2001) Composite retrofits to increase the blast resistance of reinforced concrete buildings. In: Tenth international symposium interaction of effect of munitions with structures, pp 1–25Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Morrill KB, Malvar LJ, Crawford JE, Ferritto JM (2004) Blast resistant design and retrofit of reinforced concrete columns and walls. In: Proceedings of the ASCE structures conference, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rodriguez-Nikl T et al (2009) Carbon fiber composite jackets to protect reinforced concrete columns against blast damage. Struct Congr 2009:1–9Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rodriguez-Nikl T, Lee C-S, Hegemier GA, Seible F (2012) Experimental performance of concrete columns with composite jackets under blast loading. J Struct Eng 138(1):81–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Silva PF, Lu B (2007) Improving the blast resistance capacity of RC slabs with innovative composite materials. Compos Part B Eng 38:523–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ghani Razaqpur A, Tolba A, Contestabile E (2007) Blast loading response of reinforced concrete panels reinforced with externally bonded GFRP laminates. Compos Part B Eng 38:535–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kim JHJ, Yi NH, Kim SB, Choi JK, Park JC (2009) Experiment study on blast loading response of FRP-retrofitted RC slab structures. In: Proceedings of the second official international conference of international institute for FRP in construction for Asia-Pacific Region, Seoul, Korea, pp 533–538Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tanapornraweekit G, Haritos N, Mendis P, Ngo T (2010) Finite element simulation of FRP strengthened reinforced concrete slabs under two independent air blasts. Int J Prot Struct 1:469–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Orton SL, Chiarito VP, Minor JK, Coleman TG (2013) Experimental testing of CFRP-strengthened reinforced concrete slab elements loaded by close-in blast. J Struct Eng 140:4013060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wu C, Oehlers DJ, Rebentrost M, Leach J, Whittaker AS (2009) Blast testing of ultra-high performance fibre and FRP-retrofitted concrete slabs. Eng Struct 31:2060–2069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ha JH, Yi NH, Choi JK, Kim JHJ (2011) Experimental study on hybrid CFRP-PU strengthening effect on RC panels under blast loading. Compos Struct 93:2070–2082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yun S-H, Park T (2013) Multi-physics blast analysis for steel-plated and GFRP-plated concrete panels. Adv Struct Eng 16(3):529–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Guo Z et al (2017) Behavior of GFRP retrofitted reinforced concrete slabs subjected to conventional explosive blast. Mater Struct Constr 50:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mutalib AA, Hao H (2011) Numerical analysis of FRP-composite-strengthened RC panels with anchorages against blast loads. J Perform Constr Facil 25:360–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pezzola GL, Stewart LK, Hegemier G (2016) Analysis methods for CFRP blast retrofitted reinforced concrete wall systems. Int J Comput Methods Exp Meas 4:247–257Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aashish Kumar Jha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abhiroop Goswami
    • 1
  • Satadru Das Adhikary
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology (ISM) DhanbadDhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations