Finite Element Simulation of Impact on RCC Water Tank

  • Partheepan GanesanEmail author
  • M. V. A. N. Jagadeesh Babu
  • M. Nizamuddin
  • T. Sai Ram Kiran
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 38)


Finite element simulation of the impact analysis of circular and rectangular water tanks subjected to projectile impact has been carried out using ANSYS Explicit Dynamics 15.0. Analyses were performed by considering both with water and without water for circular and rectangular water tanks. The different impact velocities considered in the present study were 50, 100, 200 and 400 kmph. The water tank is considered to be fixed at slab base. Due to the limitation on the maximum number of nodes in the academic version of ANSYS, finite element modelling of water tank has been carried out on a water tank of reduced capacity of 4400 L. The reduced tank has a height of 1.40 m and diameter as 2 m. The size of meshing is taken as 100 mm, and thickness of the base slab considered is 150 mm. Salient results such as total deformation, principal stresses, equivalent stresses, normal stresses and the directional deformation for both circular and rectangular tanks with water and without water cases for the different velocities were obtained. The comparison of the various results for the different cases was detailed. It is observed that with the use of finite element simulation, one can come to an optimized shape of the tank with least amount of internal stresses developed within.


Finite element Water tank Reinforced concrete Impact velocity Explicit analysis ANSYS 


  1. 1.
    Jhung MJ, Jo JC, Jeong SJ (2006) Impact analysis of a water storage tank. Nucl Eng Technol 38(7):681–688Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ren P, Zhou J, Tian A, Ye R, Zhang W (2018) Experimental investigation on dynamic failure of water-filled vessel subjected to projectile impact. Int J Impact Eng 117:153–163. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang Y, Zhou H (2015) Numerical study of water tank under blast loading. Thin-Walled Struct 90:42–48. Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Y, Xiong M-X (2015) Analysis of axially restrained water storage tank under blast loading. Int J Impact Eng 86:167–178. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abrate S (2014) Impact on composite plates in contact with water. Procedia Eng 88:2–9. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lecysyn N, Dandrieux A, Heymes F, Slangen P, Dusserre G (2008) Preliminary study of ballistic impact on an industrial tank: Projectile velocity decay. J Loss Prev Process Ind 21(6):627–634. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hopson MV, Treadway SK (2008) Testing and computational analysis of pressure transducers in water filled tank impacted by hypervelocity projectile. Int J Impact Eng 35(12):1593–1601. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Indian Standard-3370-2009 (Part 2) (2009) Concrete structures for storage of liquids—code of practice-part 2 reinforced concrete structures, Bureau of Indian Standards, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hognestad E, Hanson NW, McHenry D (1956) Stress distribution in ultimate strength design. J Am Concr Inst J Proc 52:1305–1330Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Indian Standard-456 (2000) Plain and reinforced concrete code of practice, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 2000Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringMVGR College of EngineeringVizianagaramIndia

Personalised recommendations