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Influence of Herbicide Use in Oil Palm Plantations on Stream Water Chemistry in Sarawak

  • Naoko TokuchiEmail author
  • Hiromitsu Samejima
  • Jason Hon
  • Keitaro Fukushima
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)

Abstract

The drastic transformation in land use from natural forest to acacia and oil palm plantations in tropical regions is an issue of some controversy. The influence of land-use change on nutrient cycling is not fully understood. In this case, stream water chemistry is one of the most useful indexes of the nutrient status of an ecosystem. We investigated stream water chemistry in different land uses: lowland forests, acacia plantations and oil palm plantations. There were significant differences in the distribution and composition of stream water chemistry among the various land uses. Ion concentrations in stream water were the lowest in lowland forests, while the highest concentrations were found in oil palm plantations, especially Cl and K+. This seems to originate from anthropogenic sources like herbicides and fertilisers. Our results suggest that land use and its management have a large influence not only on nutrient cycling but also on the sustainability of forest ecosystems.

Keywords

Sarawak Stream water chemistry Herbicides Fertilisers Land use Oil palm plantations 

References

  1. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations-United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation [FAO-UNESCO]. 1988. Revised legend of the FAO-UNESCO soil map of the world, world soil resources report 60. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.Google Scholar
  2. Kato, Yumi, and Ryoji Soda. 2012. Emerging trends in oil palm smallholdings in Sarawak, Malaysia. Geographical Studies 7 (2): 26–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Miettinen, Jukka, Chenghua Shi, Wee Juan Tan, and Soo Chin Liew. 2012. 2010 land cover map of insular Southeast Asia in 250 m spatial resolution. Remote Sensing Letters 3 (1): 11–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoko Tokuchi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hiromitsu Samejima
    • 2
  • Jason Hon
    • 3
  • Keitaro Fukushima
    • 4
  1. 1.Field Science Education and Research CenterKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Global Environmental StrategiesHayamaJapan
  3. 3.WWF-Malaysia, Sarawak ProgrammeKuchingMalaysia
  4. 4.Center for Ecological ResearchKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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