Case Study 4: “Active Aging” and “Healthy Aging”—A Comparative Survey of Coping Mechanisms for Greying Populations in Japan and Hong Kong
Many economies in East Asia, especially the advanced developing as well as developed economies, exhibit signs of an aging population. Within these Northeast Asian societies, two in particular (Hong Kong and Japan) stand out as they confront the challenges of an aging population economically, politically and socially. They have become natural case studies of the impact of an aging population on socioeconomic development. Between the two, Hong Kong is well-known as a migrant society (especially internal migration from China) while Japan is generally conceptualized as a homogenous population, an island nation where many of its national consider themselves as Japanese culturally and nationality-wise. Therefore, for Hong Kong, replenishing their stock with migrants has always been a solution for their aging populations with low replacement rates.
KeywordsHong Kong Active aging Migrant
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