Intervarsity Campaign for Abolishing the Colonial Chancellor System
This chapter turns to another significant post-Occupy Central issue concerning politics and university governance—the intervarsity campaign for ending the role of the Beijing-appointed HKSARCE as ex-officio chancellor of all public universities in Hong Kong. The chapter shows that the student- and staff-initiated intervarsity abolition movement extended their pursuit of greater democracy from the political arena to higher education. Staff and students questioned the HKSARCE’s dual roles as city head and university chancellor, his/her unchecked appointment power, his/her appointees’ ties to local and central authorities, and the dominance of external members in council membership across public universities. While they used different strategies to force university councils and the government to review the HKSARCE’s role in university governance and amend university ordinances, the universities remained highly reluctant to change the chancellor system and the managerial model of governance dominated by external members.
- Chan, M. K. (2016, January 11). Daxue Yingyi Jiaoxue Weiben, Bushi Zhengzhi Jueli De Changdi [University should focus on teaching, not a venue of political wrestling]. Retrieved from https://zh-hk.facebook.com/twscmk/.
- Cheng, K. (2015, September 30). Explainer: The HKU Council pro-vice-chancellor debacle. Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved from https://www.hongkongfp.com/2015/09/30/explainer-hku-council-rejects-johannes-chan-appointment-to-pro-vice-chancellor/.
- Cheung, A. (2015, November 24). Referendum results show HKU students’ rejection of ‘King Arthur’. The Lion Post. Retrieved from http://thelionpost.com/2015/11/24/referendum-results-show-hku-students-rejection-of-king-arthur/.
- China Daily Reporter. (2016, February 23). Lingnan University cancels meeting after fracas. Retrieved from http://www.chinadailyasia.com/hknews/2016-02/23/content_15388605.html.
- Convocation of the University of Hong Kong. (2015a). Independent Report on Votes Counting in Extraordinary General Meeting Held on 1 September 2015. Hong Kong: Convocation of the University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Convocation of the University of Hong Kong. (2015b). Report on Votes Counting in Extraordinary General Meeting Held on 29 November 2015. Hong Kong: Convocation of the University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Education Bureau. (2015). Role of chancellor and composition of councils of University Grants Committee-funded institutions (For discussion in Legislative Council panel on education on 9 November 2015). Hong Kong: Education Bureau.Google Scholar
- Fielden, J. (2008). Global trends in university governance. Washington, D. C.: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Goodstadt, L. F. (2018). A city mismanaged: Hong Kong’s struggle for survival. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong Federation of Students. (2016). Referendum on institutional autonomy Q&A. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Federation of Students.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong Government. (2015). 2015 policy address: Uphold the rule of law, seize the opportunities, make the right choices. Hong Kong: Government Logistics Department.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong Government. (2018). University of Hong Kong Ordinance (Chapter 1053). Gazette, 22(50). https://www.gld.gov.hk/egazette/pdf/20182250/egn201822509182.pdf.
- Hong Kong Polytechnic University Students’ Union. (2016). Quanmin Toupiao Jieguo Gonggao [Announcement of referendum results]. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Polytechnic University Students’ Union.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union. (2016). Zizhu Yuanxiao Xiaojian He Qi Guanzhi Tuanti Chengyuan Zhi Zucheng Ji Chansheng Fangfa Zhi Yijianshu [Suggestions on the composition and selection method of the chancellor and governing bodies of public tertiary education institutions]. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union.Google Scholar
- Hong Kong University Students’ Union, Academic Staff Association of The University of Hong Kong, & HKU Alumni Concern Group. (2019, January 1). Change now or never: Joint appeal to the Chancellor, the Court and the Council for Amendments to the Statutes of the University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/hkusupage/posts/2049742305084257.
- Legislative Council. (2002). The Hong Kong Institute of Education Ordinance. Hong Kong: Legislative Council.Google Scholar
- Legislative Council. (2008). The Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance. Hong Kong: Legislative Council.Google Scholar
- Legislative Council. (2011). The University of Hong Kong (Amendment) Ordinance. Hong Kong: Legislative Council.Google Scholar
- Legislative Council. (2016). The Education University of Hong Kong Ordinance. Hong Kong: Legislative Council.Google Scholar
- Legislative Council Secretariat. (2007). Academic freedom and institutional autonomy of higher education in the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Legislative Council.Google Scholar
- Lingnan University. (2016). A summary of discussions and the decisions of the council meeting held on 12 January 2016. Hong Kong: Lingnan University.Google Scholar
- Mathieson, P. (2016). Message from the President on the Council Meeting Last Night. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Newby, H. (2015). Governance in UGC-funded higher education institutions in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: University Grants Committee.Google Scholar
- Public Opinion Programme, The University of Hong Kong. (2016). Referendum on institutional autonomy. Hong Kong: Public Opinion Programme.Google Scholar
- Review Panel on University Governance. (2017). The report of the review panel on university governance. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Singtao Daily Reporter. (2016). Lingda Xiaodonghui Foujue Chengli Xiaojianzhi Zhuanzezu [Lingnan University council rejected the establishment of a taskforce on chancellor system]. Xingdao Ribao [Singtao Daily].Google Scholar
- Siu, J. (2017, July 21). Ex-student leaders face jail over HKU council siege. South China Morning Post, p. A3.Google Scholar
- Su, X. (2018, October 14). Professor Rosie young wins place on University of Hong Kong committee as beaten rival bemoans lack of student voice in search for new chairman. South China Morning Post. Retrieved from https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/education/article/2168409/professor-rosie-young-wins-place-university-hong-kong.
- Task Force on Review of the HKBU Ordinance. (2015). Review of the Hong Kong Baptist University Ordinance: Consultation paper. Hong Kong: Task Force on Review of the HKBU Ordinance.Google Scholar
- Taskforce for Reviewing the Size and Composition of the Council, Chinese University of Hong Kong. (2016). Second consultation document on the desirable size and composition of the council.Google Scholar
- Working Party on the Recommendations of the Review Panel on University Governance. (2017). Report of the working party on the recommendations of the review panel on University Governance. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- Yeung, C. K., & Lee, J. P. (2007). Report of the commission of inquiry on allegations relating to The Hong Kong Institute of Education. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Government.Google Scholar
- Yuen, K.-Y. (2015, July 31). [Message from Professor K Y Yuen to the Council and Council Chairman, for the Information of Academic Colleagues].Google Scholar
- Zhao, S. (2016, January 30). HKU chief Arthur Li’s provocative drug slur against students will not help relations, say fellow council members. South China Morning Post, p. C2.Google Scholar