Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) Routing Protocols: A Performance Assessment

  • Nur Amirah Mohd SaudiEmail author
  • Mohamad Asrol Arshad
  • Alya Geogiana Buja
  • Ahmad Firdaus Ahmad Fadzil
  • Raihana Md Saidi
Conference paper


Mobile Ad Hoc network (MANET) is a collection of mobile devices which form a communication network. There are multiple type of routing protocols that de-signed for MANETs. This paper presents an investigation of four MANET protocols’ performance, namely the Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector (DSDV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) and Ad Hoc On-Demand Multipath Distance (AOMDV). These protocols are evaluated using three difference performance metrics; average end-to-end, throughput and packet delivery ratio. Simulations of MANET is conducted to analyze the behavior of these protocols with different node mobility and node speed. From the results, it is indicated that different protocols performs better than the other on different performance metrics. For Average end-to-end metric, AODV is shown as the best performer even with the increment of speed. All four protocols meanwhile shows similar performance when node speed are increased for the throughput performance metric. For the final metric, it is shown that AOMDV returns the highest packet delivery ratio.


MANET AODV AOMDV DSDV Average end-to-end Throughput Packet delivery ratio 


  1. 1.
    Mishra, S., Singh, A.: A novel approach for video transmission. In: Clerk Maxwell, J. (ed.) A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2, pp. 68–73 Clarendon 1892, Oxford (2014) (5(6), 7270–7275)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aarti, Tyagi, D.S.S.: Study of MANET: characteristics, challenges, application and security attacks. Int. J. Adv. Res. 3(5), 252–257 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rana, A., Gupta, S.: Review on MANETs characteristics, challenges, application and security attacks, 4(2), 2203–2208 (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yadav, M.: Survey on MANET: routing protocols, advantages, problems and security, 1(2), (2014). Accessed from
  5. 5.
    Bhalia, M.: Analysis of MANET characteristics, applications and its routing challenges, 3(4), 139–143 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chavan, A.A., Kurule, D.S., & Dere, P.U.: Performance analysis of AODV and DSDV routing protocol in MANET and modifications in AODV against black hole attack. Procedia Comput. Sci. 79, 835–844, (2016).
  7. 7.
    Gupta, S.K., Saket, R.K.: Performance metric comparison of AODV and DSDV routing protocol in MANETs using NS-2. IJRRAS 7(3), 339–350 (2011) (7, June)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goto, H., Hasegawa, Y., Tanaka, M.: Efficient scheduling focusing on the duality of MPL representatives. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium Computational Intelligence in Scheduling (SCIS 07), pp. 57–64. IEEE Press (Dec 2007).
  9. 9.
    Khiavi, M.V., Jamali, S., Gudakahriz, S.J.: Performance comparison of AODV, DSDV, DSR and TORA routing protocols in MANETs. Int. Res. J. Appl. Basic Sci. 3(7), 1429–1436 (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keshtgary, M., Babaiyan, V.: Performance evaluation of reactive, proactive and hybrid routing protocols in. Int. J. 4(2), 248–254 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Manohari, P.K., Ray, N.: Multipath routing protocols in MANETs: A Study. In: (ICICCS), pp. 91–96 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mello, S.D., Patil, P.B., Shaikh, T.P.S., Shaikh, H.S., Malik, S.M.: A survey on wireless routing protocols (AODV, DSR, DSDV), 2(1), 3–8 (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saad, P., Hasson, T.: Designing a new MANET’s environment using computer simulation 1(3), 370–375 (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yang, B., Chen, Y., Jiang, X.: Multicast delay of mobile ad hoc networks. In: 2014 Second International Symposium on Computing and Networking, pp. 272–277 (2014).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Amirah Mohd Saudi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamad Asrol Arshad
    • 1
  • Alya Geogiana Buja
    • 1
  • Ahmad Firdaus Ahmad Fadzil
    • 1
  • Raihana Md Saidi
    • 1
  1. 1.FSKM, Universiti Teknologi MARA Kampus JasinJasinMalaysia

Personalised recommendations