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The Trends of Age and Gender Specific Mortality Rates by Ethnic Groups

  • Saiful Azril IshakEmail author
  • Syazreen Niza Shair
  • Wan Nor Ayunni Wan Ahmad Shukiman
  • Nurazliyana Mat Radzi
  • Nur Salbiah Abdul Rahman
Conference paper

Abstract

Continuing increases in life expectancy poses budgetary challenges for the government in particular to ensure pension benefits are sufficient to meet a growing demand from elderly. In this research the mortality and life expectancy at birth trends of each ethnic group including Malay, Chinese and Indian are closely examined by age, gender and ethnic groups from 1991 to 2011. Results showed that the mortality of all ethnic groups, males and females are generally decreased over the years, however we found that the rate of decreases were varied by sub-groups. A comparison between ethnicity indicates Chinese mortality rates are consistently lower than that of Malay and Indian groups, leading to the highest life expectancy at births. Furthermore, the mortality rates of females are lower than males for all ethnic groups.

Keywords

Mortality rates Life expectancy Pension benefits Malaysia ethnicity Trends 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saiful Azril Ishak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Syazreen Niza Shair
    • 1
  • Wan Nor Ayunni Wan Ahmad Shukiman
    • 1
  • Nurazliyana Mat Radzi
    • 1
  • Nur Salbiah Abdul Rahman
    • 1
  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia

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