Determining Influential Household Routines for Domestic Water Consumption Estimation via Genetic Algorithm

  • Nurul Nadia HaniEmail author
  • Khairul Anwar Rasmani
  • Noor Elaiza Abd Khalid
  • Ahmad Firdaus Ahmad Fadzil
Conference paper


Domestic water consumption can be affected by many factors. Household routines that involve the use of water appliances such as number of time the occupants of a household took bath, flushing toilet, washing clothes and others ultimately regulate the amount of residential household’s monthly water consumption. Accurately estimating the amount of domestic water consumption is a very challenging task as these household routines differs from one another with one routine may be more influential than the others. This paper therefore proposes the employment of Genetic Algorithm (GA) in order to optimize the coefficient of micro-components of water consumption (coMC) to determine which micro-component of water consumption (household routines) is more influential than the others. This is accomplished by encoding the chromosome data in GA to incorporate the coMC values to minimize the domestic water consumption estimation error and subsequently enabling increased accuracy towards estimating the amount of monthly water consumption. Using household’s characteristics data and monthly water consumption from 80 residential households, it is discovered that there exist micro-components that are more influential towards the water consumption than the others.


GA Domestic water consumption Household routines 



The author acknowledges with gratitude to the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) grant Fuzzy Sets Approach to Per Capita Domestic Water Consumption Estimation with reference number 600-RMI/FRGS TD 5/3 (1/2015).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nurul Nadia Hani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khairul Anwar Rasmani
    • 2
  • Noor Elaiza Abd Khalid
    • 1
  • Ahmad Firdaus Ahmad Fadzil
    • 3
  1. 1.FSKM, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kampus Shah AlamShah AlamMalaysia
  2. 2.FSKM, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kampus SerembanSerembanMalaysia
  3. 3.FSKM, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kampus JasinJasinMalaysia

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