Soil Microbial Ecology and Its Role in Soil Carbon Sequestration in Sustainable Agroecosystems Under Climate Change

  • Julio Alves Cardoso Filho
  • Gildemberg Amorim Leal Junior


To help the sustainable intensification of food production systems, and minimize the levels of the greenhouse gases anthropogenic emissions, the current agriculture needs to create and use methodologies (e.g., soil carbon sequestration) that minimize loss of terrestrial biodiversity on agroecosystems. The development of the soil microbial ecology in the last 30 years are related to the role of soil microorganisms in the maintenance of soil health. Therefore in this chapter, we have provided the current information on soil microbial ecology management of agro-ecosystems for carbon sequestration under global climate change.


Soil microbial ecology·carbon sequestration Agro-ecosystems Climate change 



Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi


Water activity


Chicago Climate Exchange


Cation Exchange Capacity


Common Mycorrhizal Network


Derived Organic Matter


Education for Sustainable Development


Fulvic Acid


Food and Agricultural Organization


Forest Carbon Partnership Facility


Greenhouse Gases


Gross Primary Production


Global Soil Organic Carbon Stocks


Humic Acid


Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production


NPP consumed + unused NPP by humans


loss of potential NPP due to land use change


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Microbe-Associated Molecular Patterns


Net Ecosystem Production


Net Primary Production


the actual NPP in anthropogenic-altered system


the potential NPP in undisturbed system


Organic Matter




1 Petagram (Pg) = 1015 g


pure water


Pattern Recognition Receptors


Temperature Sensitivity


Autotrophic Respiration


Deforestation and Forest Degradation


Heterotrophic Respiration


Microbial Respiration


Removal Units


Recalcitrant Organic Matter


Soil Respiration


Soil Organic Carbon


Soil Organic Matter


United Nations Environment Programme


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


Volatile Organic Compounds


World Meteorological Organization


Water potential


Water gravitational potential


Water matric potential


Water osmotic potential



We thank the editors and anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments, which helped us to improve the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Alves Cardoso Filho
    • 1
  • Gildemberg Amorim Leal Junior
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Agricultural Sciences, Sector of Plant PathologyFederal University of AlagoasRio LargoBrazil

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