Advertisement

Biochar and Organic Amendments for Sustainable Soil Carbon and Soil Health

  • G. K. M. Mustafizur RahmanEmail author
  • M. Mizanur Rahman
  • M. Saiful Alam
  • M. Ziauddin Kamal
  • H. A. Mashuk
  • Rahul Datta
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
Chapter

Abstract

Organic matter is the life of soil and vital to environmental quality and sustainability. Intensive cultivation solely depending on inorganic fertilizers with lesser quantity or no organic fertilizers resulted in lower carbon content in soils of tropical and subtropical countries. This paper attempted to identify the best soil and crop management practices which ensure slower microbial decomposition of organic materials, cause a net buildup of carbon in soils, and potentially mitigate the negative effect of global warming and climate change. Biochar and other organic materials have been applied to soil as most valuable amendments for increasing carbon sequestration, soil health improvement, and reduction of greenhouse gas emission from soil. Being recalcitrant in nature, biochar is highly efficient in storing carbon in soils. Biochar possesses a larger surface area and therefore is capable of holding and exchanging cations in soils. Quantity and quality of biochar produced from different organic materials are highly variable because of various production temperature and meager oxygen control system. This review contributes to understanding details of production technologies and performance mechanisms of biochar and other organic amendments in soil. Biochar and organic materials improve soil bio-physicochemical properties, serve as a sink of atmospheric CO2, and ensure ecological integrity and environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Compost Greenhouse gas Mitigation Environment Carbon sequestration 

Abbreviations

BSMRAU

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University

CEC

Cation-exchange capacity

CFU

Colony forming unit

DMBC

Dairy manure biochar

EC

Electrical conductivity

FRG

Fertilizer recommendation guide

FYM

Farmyard manure

GHG

Greenhouse gas

NETL

US National Energy Technology Laboratory

Pg C

Petagram of carbon

RHBC

Rice husk biochar

SOC

Soil organic carbon

USDE

United States Department of Education

WHC

Water holding capacity

References

  1. Acea MJ, Carballas T (1996) Microbial response to organic amendments in a forest soil. Bioresour Technol 57(2):193–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agegnehu G, Srivastava AK, Bird MI (2017) The role of biochar and biochar-compost in improving soil quality and crop performance: a review. Appl Soil Ecol 119:156–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agehara S, Warncke DD (2005) Soil moisture and temperature effects on nitrogen release from organic nitrogen sources. Soil Sci Soc Am J 69(6):1844–1855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Agrafioti E, Bouras G, Kaldis D, Diamandopoulos E (2013) Biochar production by sewage sludge pyrolysis. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 101:72–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmad M, Rajapaksha AU, Lim JE, Zhang M, Bolan N, Mohan D, Ok YS (2014) Biochar as a sorbent for contaminant management in soil and water: a review. Chemosphere 99:19–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alexander M (1977) Mineralization and immobilization of nitrogen. In: Alexander M (ed) Introduction to soil microbiology, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York, pp p136–p247Google Scholar
  7. Amanullah MM, Sekar S, Muthukrishnan P (2010) Prospects and potential of poultry manure. Asian J Plant Sci 9(4):172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Amaral F, Abelho M (2016) Effects of agricultural practices on soil and microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content: a preliminary case study. Web Ecol 16(1):3–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Amonette JE, Joseph S (2009) Characteristics of biochar: microchemical properties. In: Lehman J, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, London, pp 33–52Google Scholar
  10. Angelova VR, Akova VI, Artinova NS, Ivanov KI (2013) The effect of organic amendments on soil chemical characteristics. Bulgarian J Agric Sci 19(5):958–971Google Scholar
  11. Anik MFA, Rahman MM, Rahman GM, Alam MK, Islam MS, Khatun MF (2017) Organic amendments with chemical fertilizers improve soil fertility and microbial biomass in rice-rice-rice triple crops cropping systems. Open J Soil Sci 7:87–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Antal MJ, Grønli M (2003) The art, science, and technology of charcoal production. Ind Eng Chem Res 42(8):1619–1640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Aoyama M, Nozawa T (1993) Microbial biomass nitrogen and mineralization-immobilization processes of nitrogen in soils incubated with various organic materials. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 39(1):23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ashoka P, Meena RS, Kumar S, Yadav GS, Layek J (2017) Green nanotechnology is a key for eco-friendly agriculture. J Clean Prod 142:4440–4441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Atiyeh RM, Lee S, Edwards CA, Arancon NQ, Metzger JD (2002) The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresour Technol 84(1):7–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Atkinson CJ, Fitzgerald JD, Hipps NA (2010) Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from biochar application to temperate soils: a review. Plant Soil 337(1–2):1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Baaru MW, Mungendi DN, Bationo A, Verchot L, Waceke W (2007) Soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as influenced by organic and inorganic inputs at Kabete, Kenya. In: Bationo A, Waswa B, Kihara J, Kimetu J (eds) Advances in integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: challenges and opportunities. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 827–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Baldock JA, Smernik RJ (2002) Chemical composition and bioavailability of thermally altered Pinus resinosa (Red pine) wood. Org Geochem 33(9):1093–1109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Benbi DK, Biswas CR, Bawa SS, Kumar K (1998) Influence of farmyard manure, inorganic fertilizers and weed control practices on some soil physical properties in a long-term experiment. Soil Use Manag 14(1):52–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Biederman LA, Harpole WS (2013) Biochar and its effects on plant productivity and nutrient cycling: a meta-analysis. GCB Bioenergy 5(2):202–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Blanco-Canqui H, Lal R, Post WM, Izaurralde RC, Shipitalo MJ (2006) Organic carbon influences on soil particle density and rheological properties. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70(4):1407–1414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Boix-Fayos C, Calvo-Cases A, Imeson AC, Soriano-Soto MD (2001) Influence of soil properties on the aggregation of some Mediterranean soils and the use of aggregate size and stability as land degradation indicators. Catena 44(1):47–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bonanomi G, D’Ascoli R, Scotti R, Gaglione SA, Caceres MG, Sultana S, Scelza R, Rao MA, Zoina A (2014) Soil quality recovery and crop yield enhancement by combined application of compost and wood to vegetables grown under plastic tunnels. Agric Ecosyst Environ 192:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Boyle M, Frankenberger WT, Stolzy LH (1989) The influence of organic matter on soil aggregation and water infiltration. J Prod Agric 2(4):290–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Brady NC, Weil RR (1999) Soil organic matter. In: Brady NC, Weil RR (eds) The nature and properties of soils. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, pp 446–490Google Scholar
  26. Cerny J, Balik J, Kulhanek M, Nedved V (2008) The changes in microbial biomass and N in long-term field experiments. Plant Soil Environ 54(5):212–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chakraborty A, Chakrabarti K, Chakraborty A, Ghosh S (2011) Effect of long-term fertilizers and manure application on microbial biomass and microbial activity of a tropical agricultural soil. Biol Fertil Soils 47(2):227–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chen KS, Wang HK, Peng YP, Wang WC, Chen CH, Lai CH (2008) Effects of open burning of rice straw on concentrations of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Central Taiwan. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 58(10):1318–1327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Cheng CH, Lehmann J, Thies JE, Burton SD, Engelhard MH (2006) Oxidation of black carbon by biotic and abiotic processes. Org Geochem 37(11):1477–1488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Chun Y, Sheng G, Chiou CT, Xing B (2004) Compositions and sorptive properties of crop residue-derived chars. Environ Sci Technol 38(17):4649–4655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Clemmensen KE, Bahr A, Ovaskainen O (2013) Roots and associated fungi drive long-term carbon sequestration in boreal forest. Science 339(6127):1615–1618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Cornelissen G, Martinsen V, Shitumbanuma V, Alling V, Breedveld GD, Rutherford DW, Sparrevik M, Hale SE, Obia A, Mulder J (2013) Biochar effect on maize yield and soil characteristics in five conservation farming sites in Zambia. Agronomy 3(2):256–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Crecchio C, Curci M, Pizzigallo MD, Ricciuti P, Ruggiero P (2004) Effects of municipal solid waste compost amendments on soil enzyme activities and bacterial genetic diversity. Soil Biol Biochem 36(10):1595–1605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Crovetto C (1997) Zero tillage and soil nutrition. In: Sustainable high production agriculture, now! 5th national congress of AAPRESID. Mar del Plata, Argentina, pp 73–78Google Scholar
  35. Dadhich RK, Meena RS (2014) Performance of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in Response to foliar spray of thiourea and thioglycolic acid under different irrigation levels. Indian J Ecol 41(2):376–378Google Scholar
  36. Das BB, Dkhar MS (2011) Rhizosphere microbial populations and physico chemical properties as affected by organic and inorganic farming practices. Am-Euras J Agric Environ Sci 10:140–150Google Scholar
  37. Das BB, Dkhar MS (2012) Organic amendment effects on microbial population and microbial biomass carbon in the rhizosphere soil of soybean. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 43(14):1938–1948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Das B, Chakraborty D, Singh VK, Aggarwal P, Singh R, Dwivedi BS (2014) Effect of organic inputs on strength and stability of soil aggregates under rice-wheat rotation. Int Agrophys 28(2):163–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Datta R, Vranová V, Pavelka M, Rejšek K, Formánek P (2014) Effect of soil sieving on respiration induced by low-molecular-weight substrates. Int Agrophys 28(1):119–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Datta R, Anand S, Moulick A, Baraniya D, Pathan SI, Rejsek K, Vranova V, Sharma M, Sharma D, Kelkar A (2017a) How enzymes are adsorbed on soil solid phase and factors limiting its activity: a review. Int Agrophys 31(2):287–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Datta R, Kelkar A, Baraniya D, Molaei A, Moulick A, Meena R, Formanek P (2017b) Enzymatic degradation of lignin in soil: a review. Sustainability 9(7):1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Datta R, Baraniya D, Wang Y-F, Kelkar A, Meena RS, Yadav GS, Teresa Ceccherini M, Formanek P (2017c) Amino acid: its dual role as nutrient and scavenger of free radicals in soil. Sustainability 9(8):1402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Dhakal Y, Meena RS, Kumar S (2016) Effect of INM on nodulation, yield, quality and available nutrient status in soil after harvest of green gram. Legum Res 39(4):590–594Google Scholar
  44. Doran JW (2002) Soil health and global sustainability: translating science into practice. Agric Ecosyst Environ 88(2):119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Dutta B, Raghavan V (2014) A life cycle assessment of environmental and economic balance of biochar systems in Quebec. Int J Energy Environ Eng 5(2–3):106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Emerson WW, McGarry D (2003) Organic carbon and soil porosity. Soil Res 41(1):107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Eusufzai MK, Fujii K (2012) Effect of organic matter amendment on hydraulic and pore characteristics of a clay loam soil. Open J Soil Sci 2(04):372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. FRG (2012) Fertilizer recommendation guide, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) Farmgate. Dhaka 1215, 274 pGoogle Scholar
  49. Girvan MS, Bullimore J, Ball AS, Pretty JN, Osborn AM (2004) Responses of active bacterial and fungal communities in soils under winter wheat to different fertilizer and pesticide regimens. Appl Environ Microbiol 70(5):2692–2701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Glaser B, Lehmann J, Zech W (2002) Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal–a review. Biol Fertil Soils 35(4):219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Grandy AS, Strickland MS, Lauber CL, Bradford MA, Fierer N (2009) The influence of microbial communities, management, and soil texture on soil organic matter chemistry. Geoderma 150(3–4):278–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Habteselassie MY, Miller BE, Thacker SG, Stark JM, Norton JM (2006) Soil nitrogen and nutrient dynamics after repeated application of treated dairy-waste. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70(4):1328–1337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Haynes RJ (2000) Interactions between soil organic matter status, cropping history, method of quantification and sample pretreatment and their effects on measured aggregate stability. Biol Fertil Soils 30(4):270–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Haynes RJ, Naidu R (1998) Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 51(2):123–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Heard JR, Kladivko EJ, Mannering JV (1988) Soil macroporosity, hydraulic conductivity and air permeability of silty soils under long-term conservation tillage in Indiana. Soil Tillage Res 11(1):1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Helyar KR, Cregan PD, Godyn DL (1990) Soil acidity in New-South-Wales-Current pH values and estimates of acidification rates. Soil Res 28(4):523–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Hernandez-Soriano MC, Kerré B, Kopittke PM, Horemans B, Smolders E (2016) Biochar affects carbon composition and stability in soil: a combined spectroscopy-microscopy study. Sci Rep 6:25127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Hillel D (1998) Environmental soil physics. Academic, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  59. Hossain MB, Rahman MM, Biswas JC, Miah MMU, Akhter S, Maniruzzaman M, Choudhury AK, Ahmed F, Shiragi MHK, Kalra N (2017) Carbon mineralization and carbon dioxide emission from organic matter added soil under different temperature regimes. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 6(4):311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Houben D, Evrard L, Sonnet P (2013) Mobility, bioavailability and pH-dependent leaching of cadmium, zinc and lead in a contaminated soil amended with biochar. Chemosphere 92(11):1450–1457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Huang GF, Wong JWC, Wu QT, Nagar BB (2004) Effect of C/N on composting of pig manure with sawdust. Waste Manag 24(8):805–813CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Ikpe FN, Powell JM (2002) Nutrient cycling practices and changes in soil properties in the crop-livestock farming systems of western Niger Republic of West Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 62(1):37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Jeffery S, Verheijen FG, van der Velde M, Bastos AC (2011) A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis. Agric Ecosyst Environ 144(1):175–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kamara A, Mansaray MM, Kamara A, Sawyerr PA (2014) Effects of biochar derived from maize stover and rice straw on the early growth of their seedlings. Am J Agric For 2(5):232–236Google Scholar
  65. Kinney TJ, Masiello CA, Dugan B, Hockaday WC, Dean MR, Zygourakis K, Barnes RT (2012) Hydrologic properties of biochars produced at different temperatures. Biomass Bioenergy 41:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kirkby CA, Kirkegaard JA, Richardson AE, Wade LJ, Blanchard C, Batten G (2011) Stable soil organic matter: a comparison of C: N: P: S ratios in Australian and other world soils. Geoderma 163(3–4):197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Krishnakumar S, Saravanan A, Natarajan SK, Veerabadram V, Mani S (2005) Microbial population and enzymatic activity as influenced by organic farming. Res J Agric Biol Sci 1:85–88Google Scholar
  68. Kumar S, Meena RS, Bohra JS (2018) Interactive effect of sowing dates and nutrient sources on dry matter accumulation of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). J Oilseed Brassica 9(1):72–76Google Scholar
  69. Kuzyakov Y, Subbotina I, Chen H, Bogomolova I, Xu X (2009) Black carbon decomposition and incorporation into soil microbial biomass estimated by 14C labeling. Soil Biol Biochem 41(2):210–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Laghari M, Hu Z, Mirjat MS, Xiao B, Tagar AA, Hu M (2016) Fast pyrolysis biochar from sawdust improves the quality of desert soils and enhances plant growth. J Sci Food Agric 96(1):199–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Lal R (2004) Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma 123(1–2):1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Lal R (2008) Soil carbon stocks under present and future climate with specific reference to European ecoregions. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 81(2):113–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Lal R (2016) Soil health and carbon management. Food Energy Secur 5(4):212–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Larney FJ, Angers DA (2012) The role of organic amendments in soil reclamation: a review. Can J Soil Sci 92(1):19–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Latifah O, Ahmed OH, Majid NMA (2018) Soil pH buffering capacity and nitrogen availability following compost application in a tropical acid soil. Compost Sci Util 26(1):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lee KE, Pankhurst CE (1992) Soil organisms and sustainable productivity. Soil Res 30(6):855–892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lee Y, Park J, Ryu C, Gang KS, Yang W, Park YK, Hyun S (2013) Comparison of biochar properties from biomass residues produced by slow pyrolysis at 500 °C. Bioresour Technol 148:196–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Lehmann J (2007) Bio-energy in the black. Front Ecol Environ 5(7):381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Lehmann J, Joseph S (eds) (2015) Biochar for environmental management: science, technology and implementation. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  80. Lehmann J, Rondon M (2006) Bio-char soil management on highly weathered soils in the humid tropics. In: Norman U et al (eds) Biological approaches to sustainable soil systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 517–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Crowley D (2011) Biochar effects on soil biota–a review. Soil Biol Biochem 43(9):1812–1836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Leroy BLM, Herath HMSK, Sleutel S, De Neve S, Gabriels D, Reheul D, Moens M (2008) The quality of exogenous organic matter: short-term effects on soil physical properties and soil organic matter fractions. Soil Use Manag 24(2):139–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J, O’neill B, Neves EG (2006) Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70(5):1719–1730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Liu B, Gumpertz ML, Hu S, Ristaino JB (2007) Long-term effects of organic and synthetic soil fertility amendments on soil microbial communities and the development of southern blight. Soil Biol Biochem 39(9):2302–2316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Liu J, Schulz H, Brandl S, Miehtke H, Huwe B, Glaser B (2012) Short-term effect of biochar and compost on soil fertility and water status of a Dystric Cambisol in NE Germany under field conditions. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 175(5):698–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Lojkova L, Datta R, Sajna M, Marfo TD, Janous D, Pavelka M, Formanek P (2015) Limitation of proteolysis in soils of forests and other types of ecosystems by diffusion of substrate. In: Amino acids, vol 8. Springer, Wien, pp 1690–1691Google Scholar
  87. Lynch JM, Bragg E (1985) Microorganisms and soil aggregate stability. In: Stewart BA (ed) Advances in soil science, vol 2. Springer, New York, pp 133–171Google Scholar
  88. Mäder P, Fliessbach A, Dubois D, Gunst L, Fried P, Niggli U (2002) Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science 296(5573):1694–1697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mahmood-ul-Hassan M, Rafique E, Rashid A (2013) Physical and hydraulic properties of aridisols as affected by nutrient and crop-residue management in a cotton-wheat system. Acta Sci Agron 35(1):127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Marfo TD, Datta R, Lojkova L, Janous D, Pavelka M, Formanek P (2015) Limitation of activity of acid phosphomonoesterase in soils. In: Amino acids, vol 8. Springer, Wien, pp 1691–1691Google Scholar
  91. McClellan AT, Deenik J, Uehara G, Antal M (2007) Effects of flashed carbonized macadamia nutshell charcoal on plant growth and soil chemical properties. A century of integrating crops, soils & environment. In: International annual meeting, Nov 4–8, New Orleans, LouisianaGoogle Scholar
  92. Meena H, Meena RS (2017) Assessment of sowing environments and bio-regulators as adaptation choice for clusterbean productivity in response to current climatic scenario. Bangladesh J Bot 46(1):241–244Google Scholar
  93. Meena RS, Yadav RS (2014) Phonological performance of groundnut varieties under sowing environments in hyper arid zone of Rajasthan, India. J Appl Nat Sci 6(2):344–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Meena RS, Yadav RS, Meena H, Kumar S, Meena YK, Singh A (2015) Towards the current need to enhance legume productivity and soil sustainability worldwide: a book review. J Clean Prod 104:513–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Meena RS, Kumar S, Pandey A (2017a) Response of sulfur and lime levels on productivity, nutrient content and uptake of sesame under guava (Psidium guajava L.) based agri-horti system in an acidic soil of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. J Crop Weed 13(2):222–227Google Scholar
  96. Meena RS, Meena PD, Yadav GS, Yadav SS (2017b) Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms, principles and application of microphos technology. J Clean Prod 145:157–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Miechówka A, Gąsiorek M, Józefowska A, Zadrożny P (2011) Content of microbial biomass nitrogen in differently used soils of the Carpathian Foothills. Ecol Chem Eng A18(4):577–583Google Scholar
  98. Mohan D, Abhishek K, Sarswat A, Patel M, Singh P, Pittman CU (2018) Biochar production and applications in soil fertility and carbon sequestration–a sustainable solution to crop-residue burning in India. RSC Adv 8(1):508–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Molaei A, Lakzian A, Datta R, Haghnia G, Astaraei A, Rasouli-Sadaghiani M, Ceccherini MT (2017) Impact of chlortetracycline and sulfapyridine antibiotics on soil enzyme activities. Int Agrophys 31(4):499–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Molaei A, Lakzian A, Haghnia G, Astaraei A, Rasouli-Sadaghiani M, Ceccherini MT, Datta R (2017a) Assessment of some cultural experimental methods to study the effects of antibiotics on microbial activities in a soil: an incubation study. PLoS One 12(7):e0180663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Murphy B (2015) Key soil functional properties affected by soil organic matter-evidence from published literature. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 25:012008.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/25/1/012008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Nagavallemma KP, Wani SP, Lacroix S, Padmaja VV, Vineela C, Rao MB, Sahrawat KL (2004) Vermicomposting: recycling wastes into valuable organic fertilizer. Global theme on agroecosystems report no. 8, ICRISAT, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  103. Narasimha G (2013) Impact of organic manure amendment on soil physicochemical, biological and enzymatic properties. Biotechnol Indian J 7(4):154–158Google Scholar
  104. Neilsen GH, Hogue EJ, Neilsen D, Zebarth BJ (1998) Evaluation of organic wastes as soil amendments for cultivation of carrot and chard on irrigated sandy soils. Can J Soil Sci 78(1):217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Novais SV, Zenero MDO, Junior EFF, de Lima RP, Cerri CEP (2017) Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from tropical soils amended with poultry manure and sugar cane straw biochars. Agric Sci 8(09):887–903Google Scholar
  106. O’Neill B, Grossman J, Tsai MT, Gomes JE, Lehmann J, Peterson J, Neves E, Thies JE (2009) Bacterial community composition in Brazilian anthrosols and adjacent soils characterized using culturing and molecular identification. Microb Ecol 58(1):23–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Ouni Y, Lakhdar A, Scelza R, Scotti R, Abdelly C, Barhoumi Z, Rao MA (2013) Effects of two composts and two grasses on microbial biomass and biological activity in a salt-affected soil. Ecol Eng 60:363–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Parihar CM, Rana KS, Jat ML, Jat SL, Parihar MD, Kantwa SR, Singh DK, Sharma S (2012) Carbon footprint and economic sustainability of pearl millet-mustard system under different tillage and nutrient management practices in moisture stress conditions. Afr J Microbiol Res 6(23):5052–5061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Rahman MM (2010) Carbon sequestration options in soils under different crops and their management practices. Agriculturists 8(1):90–101Google Scholar
  110. Rahman MM (2013) Nutrient-use and carbon-sequestration efficiencies in soils from different organic wastes in rice and tomato cultivation. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 44(9):1457–1471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Rahman F, Rahman MM, Rahman GKMM, Saleque MA, Hossain AS, Miah MG (2016) Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers and rice straw on carbon sequestration and soil fertility under a rice–rice cropping pattern. Carbon Manage 7(1–2):41–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Ram K, Meena RS (2014) Evaluation of pearl millet and mungbean intercropping systems in Arid Region of Rajasthan (India). Bangladesh J Bot 43(3):367–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Rawls WJ, Pachepsky YA, Ritchie JC, Sobecki TM, Bloodworth H (2003) Effect of soil organic carbon on soil water retention. Geoderma 116(1–2):61–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Rice C, McVay K (2002) Carbon sequestration: frequently asked question. Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. MF-2564. https://www.coffey.k-state.edu/cropslivestock/crops/conservation/Carbon%20Sequestration%20Top%20Ten.pdf
  115. Rivenshield A, Bassuk NL (2007) Using organic amendments to decrease bulk density and increase macroporosity in compacted soils. Arboricult Urban For 33(2):140Google Scholar
  116. Robertson M (2014) Sustainability principles and practice. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Rosenstock TS, Lamanna C, Chesterman S, Bell P, Arslan A, Richards M, Rioux J, Akinleye AO, Champalle C, Cheng Z, Corner-Dolloff C, Dohn J, English W, Eyrich AS, Girvetz EH, Kerr A, Lizarazo M, Madalinska A, McFatridge S, Morris KS, Namoi N, Poultouchidou N, Ravina da Silva M, Rayess S, Ström H, Tully KL, Zhou W (2016) The scientific basis of climate-smart agriculture: a systematic review protocol. CCAFS working paper no 138, Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)Google Scholar
  118. Santos VB, Araújo AS, Leite L, Nunes LA, Melo WJ (2012) Soil microbial biomass and organic matter fractions during transition from conventional to organic farming systems. Geoderma 170:227–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Schjønning P, McBride RA, Keller T, Obour PB (2017) Predicting soil particle density from clay and soil organic matter contents. Geoderma 286:83–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Schulz H, Glaser B (2012) Effects of biochar compared to organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil quality and plant growth in a greenhouse experiment. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 175(3):410–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Scotti R, Conte P, Berns AE, Alonzo G, Rao MA (2013) Effect of organic amendments on the evolution of soil organic matter in soils stressed by intensive agricultural practices. Curr Org Chem 17(24):2998–3005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Seiter S, Horwath WR (2004) Strategies for managing soil organic matter to supply plant nutrients. In: Magdoff F, Weil RR (eds) Soil organic matter in sustainable agriculture. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 269–293Google Scholar
  123. Shackley S, Sohi S, Haszeldine S, Manning D, Masek O (2009) Biochar, reducing and removing CO2 while improving soils: a significant and sustainable response to climate change. UK Biochar Research Centre, School of Geo Sciences, University of EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  124. Shen J, Yuan L, Zhang J, Li H, Bai Z, Chen X, Zhang W, Zhang F (2011) Phosphorus dynamics: from soil to plant. Plant Physiol 156(3):997–1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Sihag SK, Singh MK, Meena RS, Naga S, Bahadur SR, Gaurav YRS (2015) Influences of spacing on growth and yield potential of dry direct seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. Ecoscan 9(1–2):517–519Google Scholar
  126. Singh B, Singh BP, Cowie AL (2010) Characterization and evaluation of biochar for their application as a soil amendment. Soil Res 48(7):516–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sivapalan K, Fernando V, Thenabadu MW (1985) N-mineralization in polyphenol-rich plant residues and their effect on nitrification of applied ammonium sulphate. Soil Biol Biochem 17(4):547–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Smith SR, Jasim S (2009) Small-scale home composting of biodegradable household waste: overview of key results from a 3-year research programme in West London. Waste Manag Res 27(10):941–950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Soderstorm BO, Hedlund K, Jackson LE, Kattere T, Lugato E, Thomsen IK, Jorgensen HB (2014) What are the effects of agricultural management on soil organic carbon (SOC) stock? Environ Evid 3:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E, Bol R (2010) A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. In: Sparks DL (ed) Advances in agronomy. Academic, Burlington, pp 47–82Google Scholar
  131. Song W, Guo M (2012) Quality variations of poultry litter biochar generated at different pyrolysis temperatures. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 94:138–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Sparkes J, Stoutjesdijk P (2011) Biochar: implications for agricultural productivity. Aust Bur Agric Res Econ Sci 13:23–25Google Scholar
  133. Sparling GP, McLay CDA, Tang C, Raphael C (1999) Effect of short-term legume residue decomposition on soil acidity. Soil Res 37(3):561–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Swer H, Dkhar MS, Kayang H (2011) Fungal population and diversity in organically amended agricultural soils of Meghalaya, India. J Org Syst 6(2):3–12Google Scholar
  135. Tejada M, Hernandez MT, Garcia C (2009) Soil restoration using composted plant residues: effects on soil properties. Soil Till Res 102(1):109–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Tipayarom D, Oanh NK (2007) Effects from open rice straw burning emission on air quality in the Bangkok Metropolitan region. Sci Asia 33(3):339–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Tisdall JM, Oades J (1982) Organic matter and water-stable aggregates in soils. Eur J Soil Sci 33(2):141–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Tomich TP, Brodt S, Ferris H, Galt R, Horwath WR, Kebreab E, Leveau JHJ, Liptzin D, Lubell M, Merel P, Michelmore R, Rosenstock T, Scow K, Six J, Williams N, Yang L (2011) Agroecology: a review from a global-change perspective. Annu Rev Environ Resour 36:193–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. USDE & NETL (United States Department of Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory) (2007) Carbon sequestration technology and program plan. http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/carbon_seq/refshelf/project%20portfolio/2007/2007Roadmap.pdf
  140. Van Antwerpen R, Meyer JH (1998) Soil degradation II: effect of trash and inorganic fertilizer application on soil strength. Proc S Afr Sug Technol Ass 72:152–158Google Scholar
  141. Van-Camp L, Bujarrabal B, Gentile AR, Jones RJ, Montanarella L, Olazabal C, Selvaradjou SK (2004) Reports of the technical working groups established under the thematic strategy for soil protection. EUR 21319 EN/1, pp 872. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  142. Varma D, Meena RS, Kumar S, Kumar E (2017) Response of mungbean to NPK and lime under the conditions of Vindhyan region of Uttar Pradesh. Leg Res 40(3):542–545Google Scholar
  143. Verma JP, Jaiswal DK, Meena VS, Meena RS (2015) Current need of organic farming for enhancing sustainable agriculture. J Clean Prod 102:545–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Verma SK, Singh SB, Prasad SK, Meena RN, Meena RS (2015b) Influence of irrigation regimes and weed management practices on water use and nutrient uptake in wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Emend. Fiori and Paol.). Bangladesh J Bot 44(3):437–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Warnock DD, Lehmann J, Kuyper TW, Rillig MC (2007) Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil–concepts and mechanisms. Plant Soil 300(1–2):9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Wolf B, Snyder G (2003) Sustainable soils: the place of organic matter in sustaining soils and their productivity. Food Products Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Wong MTF, Gibbs P, Nortcliff S, Swift RS (2000) Measurement of the acid neutralizing capacity of agroforestry tree prunings added to tropical soils. J Agric Sci 134(3):269–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Wright AL, Hons FM, Lemon RG, McFarland ML, Nichols RL (2008) Microbial activity and soil C sequestration for reduced and conventional tillage cotton. Appl Soil Ecol 38(2):168–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Wu W, Yang M, Feng Q, McGrouther K, Wang H, Lu H, Chen Y (2012) Chemical characterization of rice straw-derived biochar for soil amendment. Biomass Bioenergy 47:268–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Xu X, Cao X, Zhao L (2013) Comparison of rice husk-and dairy manure-derived biochars for simultaneously removing heavy metals from aqueous solutions: role of mineral components in biochars. Chemosphere 92(8):955–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Yadav GS, Babu S, Meena RS, Debnath C, Saha P, Debbaram C, Datta M (2017a) Effects of godawariphosgold and single supper phosphate on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) productivity, phosphorus uptake, phosphorus use efficiency and economics. Indian J Agric Sci 87(9):1165–1169Google Scholar
  152. Yadav GS, Datta R, Imran Pathan S, Lal R, Meena RS, Babu S, Das A, Bhowmik S, Datta M, Saha P (2017b) Effects of conservation tillage and nutrient management practices on soil fertility and productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.)–Rice system in North Eastern region of India. Sustainability 9(10):1816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Yadav GS, Das A, Lal R, Babu S, Meena RS, Saha P, Singh R, Datta M (2018) Energy budget and carbon footprint in a no-till and mulch based rice–mustard cropping system. J Clean Prod 191:144–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Yuan JH, Xu RK (2011) The amelioration effects of low temperature biochar generated from nine crop residues on an acidic Ultisol. Soil Use Manag 27(1):110–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Yuan JH, Xu RK (2012) Effects of biochars generated from crop residues on chemical properties of acid soils from tropical and subtropical China. Soil Res 50(7):570–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Yuan JH, Xu RK, Zhang H (2011) The forms of alkalis in the biochar produced from crop residues at different temperatures. Bioresour Technol 102(3):3488–3497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Zaccardelli M, De Nicola F, Villecco D, Scotti R (2013) The development and suppressive activity of soil microbial communities under compost amendment. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 13(3):730–742Google Scholar
  158. Zhang H, Ding W, Yu H, He X (2015) Linking organic carbon accumulation to microbial community dynamics in a sandy loam soil: result of 20 years compost and inorganic fertilizers repeated application experiment. Biol Fertil Soils 51(2):137–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Zhao L, Cao X, Mašek O, Zimmerman A (2013) Heterogeneity of biochar properties as a function of feedstock sources and production temperatures. J Hazard Mater 256:1–9Google Scholar
  160. Zimmerman AR (2010) Abiotic and microbial oxidation of laboratory-produced black carbon (biochar). Environ Sci Technol 44(4):1295–1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Zuber SM, Behnke GD, Nafziger ED, Villamil MB (2018) Carbon and Nitrogen content of soil organic matter and microbial biomass under long-term crop rotation and tillage in Illinois, USA. Agriculture 8(3):37CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. M. Mustafizur Rahman
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Mizanur Rahman
    • 1
  • M. Saiful Alam
    • 1
  • M. Ziauddin Kamal
    • 1
  • H. A. Mashuk
    • 1
  • Rahul Datta
    • 2
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU)GazipurBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Geology and PedologyMendel University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences (BHU)VaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations