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Cultivation of Medicinal Plants: Special Reference to Important Medicinal Plants of India

  • Tridip Bhattacharjee
  • Saikat Sen
  • Raja Chakraborty
  • Praveen Kumar Maurya
  • Arup Chattopadhyay
Chapter

Abstract

Medicinal plants are a source of biomolecules with therapeutic potential and as a lead to develop new drugs. Herbal medicines are considered as safer, better physiological compatibility and cost-effective. India is a gold mine of medicinal plants and a rich repository of traditional medicinal knowledge. Demand for the medicinal plant is increasing with expansion in human needs, numbers and trade purpose. Plants are mostly collected from wild sources that may pose a serious situation, along with this loss of biodiversity and forest is another major concern for sustainable supply of medicinal plants in the future. With the increased realization that many species are collected from wild sources and being over-exploited, agencies (private/public) are recommending bringing the important medicinal plants into cultivation systems. Cultivation of medicinal plant can decrease the amount to which wild populations are harvested, it will also help to preserve plant species from extinction and will promote socio-economic growth. This chapter deals with the medicinal importance and cultivation of yam, sarpagandha, opium, periwinkle, aloe, guggal, belladonna, nux vomica, medicinal solanum, aonla/amla, senna, isubgol, stevia, coleus, acorus, and ocimum.

Keywords

Medicinal plants Cultivation Preservation Therapeutic use Phytomolecules 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tridip Bhattacharjee
    • 1
  • Saikat Sen
    • 2
  • Raja Chakraborty
    • 2
  • Praveen Kumar Maurya
    • 3
  • Arup Chattopadhyay
    • 3
  1. 1.College of AgricultureLembucherraIndia
  2. 2.Department of PharmacyAssam Down Town UniversityGuwahatiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Vegetable Science, Faculty of HorticultureBCKVNadiaIndia

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